CHARLEY (CLAYTON) HOWE PHOTOGRAPHS, 1947-1972


Collection No.  ASA001
ASA Logo
 
 


Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California, Inc.
Redlands, California 92374



A Finding Aid for the Charley (Clayton) Howe Photographs


Descriptive Summary, Title, Collection Number, Creator, Extent, Repository, Abstract, Administrative Information, Provenance,
Access, Publication Rights and Copyright Information, Processing Information, Funding Note, Preferred Citation,
Biography, Scope and Content, Organization,  Selected Search Terms (controlled vocabulary), Format and Genre,
Names, Subjects, Chronological List of Sites Photographed, Photography Details, Cameras, Films
Collection (details of series, sub-series, and some items)

Index of Locations, Reference List of ASA and Howe Negative Numbers, Reference List of Missing Negatives (Howe’s numbers),
Application for Permission to Reproduce Images, Annotated Bibliography





Contact information:
    Jill Vassilakos_Long
    jvlong@csusb.edu

Processed by:
    Rosalind A. Srivastava    

Date completed:
    November 1, 1999 (paper)

Date web page completed:
December 20, 2008


Table of Contents:

Descriptive Summary    
Title
Collection Number
Creator
Extent    
Repository
Abstract
Administrative Information    
Provenance
Access
Publication Rights and Copyright Information    
Processing Information    
Funding Note    
Preferred Citation
Biography    
Scope and Content    

Organization:    
Chronological List of Sites Photographed

Photography Details

Collection (details of series, sub-series, and some items)

Index of Locations
Reference List of ASA and Howe Negative Numbers
Reference List of Missing Negatives (Howe’s numbers)
Application for Permission to Reproduce Images
Annotated Bibliography

 



Descriptive Summary

Title:  Charley (Clayton) Howe Photographs, 1947-1972

Collection Number:  ASA001

Creator:  Howe, Charley (Clayton), 1897-1989

Extent:  1,610 black-and-white negatives in individual negative enclosures in 6 boxes; the replaced original negative enclosures in 2 additional boxes.

Repository:  California State University San Bernardino

Abstract:  The collection has 1,610 negatives of photographs taken by Charley (Clayton) Howe (1897-1989) in southern California and Mexico between 1947 and 1972.  A serious amateur photographer and avid avocational archaeologist, Howe was an adventurous, desert-loving member of the Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California, Inc. (“ASA”).  The images document Howe’s travels and many of ASA’s archaeological fieldtrips and excavations.  There are hundreds of excellent photographs of petroglyphs and pictographs.  Many of the archaeological sites and the rock art no longer exist.  Details of cameras and films used by Howe are summarized by year and location.  Two indexes help to locate negatives in the collection.


Administrative Information

Provenance:  In 1975, Charley (Clayton) Howe donated this collection of his negatives and a photocopy of his draft handwritten index of some photographs to the Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California, Inc.  The association established a fund to preserve the negatives.  During the late 1970s and 1980s, ASA member Rebecca Miller took the collection home, re-sleeved some negatives in new enclosures, transferred some of Howe’s notations to the new enclosures, and stored the replaced enclosures in an ASA archive box.  An unidentified person prepared a draft transcription of Howe’s index.  In January 1999, Rosalind Srivastava identified and consolidated 1,610 negatives that belong to Howe’s collection from among materials stored in six boxes of ASA’s photograph archives at the office of ASA President Donn Grenda in Redlands, California.

Access:  Collection is open to researchers.

Publication Rights and Copyright Information:  The images in this collection are copyrighted.  Images may be displayed, copied, or used for personal study only.  Written permission to reproduce an image for electronic or print publication may be obtained from California State University San Bernardino's Pfau Library Special Collections.  Please use the application located at the end of this document.
    
Processing Information:  Rosalind Srivastava processed and re-housed this collection. Howe’s negative numbers and other notations on the original enclosures (including those replaced and stored by Rebecca Miller) were transferred verbatim to the upper left-hand corner of new enclosures.  For control purposes, the new enclosures were numbered from ASA001-1 through ASA001-1610 in the upper right-hand corner.  The negatives were placed in the numbered enclosures and the original enclosures were stored in archival box numbers 7 and 8.  Approximately one sixth of the negatives are deteriorated, including two crumbled ones that were discarded.  “D” was written below the ASA number on the enclosures of deteriorated negatives to prevent their re-filing among non-deteriorated negatives.  After numbering the collection, deteriorated negatives were segregated to prevent any auto-catalytic effect of deterioration on good negatives and were stored in archival box number 6.  The rest of the collection was placed in archival box numbers 1 through 5.  As noted in the Container List, several of the unique but deteriorated negatives will be copied in January 2000.  The paper finding aid was completed in November 1999.  The paper finding aid wast was adapted for the web by Jill Vassilakos-Long, December 2008.

Funding Note:  The cost of preservation supplies, printing of negatives, and duplication of some unique, deteriorated negatives was funded by the Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California, Inc.

Preferred Citation:  [ASA001-[negative no.], Charley (Clayton) Howe Photographs, 1949-1972, California State University Pfau Library Special Collections, San Bernardino, California.


Biography
Howe was a serious amateur photographer and an avid avocational archaeologist who led many archaeological fieldtrips, participated in archaeological excavations, and photographed many sites during digs and on dozens of solitary trips.  His photographs document his travels and archaeological work in California and Mexico.  
In 1948, Howe joined the year-old Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  The ASA had been founded to survey southern California to locate and document archaeological sites before the evidence was destroyed by urbanization or vandalism.  Howe joined in this search for evidence with enormous enthusiasm.  An eager student of ASA’s professional archaeologists, Howe worked hard to understand the principles of archaeology and believed that “ASA members [are] in an enviable position. . . . You are among the very first American archeologists to be freed from arbitrarily imposed age ceilings and other similar handicaps to unbiased research” (Simpson, 1954/1983).  Howe loved the challenge of pinpointing early people’s arrival in America.
Howe was born in Spottsville, Kentucky, on October 4, 1897, and by the age of fourteen was working in a shoe factory in Missouri.  A fellow worker spun tales of the Mohave Desert in California but Howe had to wait twenty years to satisfy his curiosity to see it.  Meanwhile, he fought in France in World War I, married, had seven children, and moved to California in the 1930s.  Howe died on July 13, 1989, just before his ninety-second birthday in Inglewood, California, after a life as a bowyer, fletcher, and owner of California Bowyers, an archery and fishing equipment store.
Owning his own store allowed Howe to post a “Gone Fishing” sign when ASA needed a crew to survey an archaeological site.  Howe served as ASA’s field chairman for seven years, led many trips and digs, and was elected ASA President in 1970.  Fellow members accorded him the singular honor of calling him “Mr. ASA.”  The honor was not wasted on Howe for he loved the ASA.  The Association set aside a special day for him in 1976 to thank him for his devotion to ASA and archaeology (Notes, 1976).  On that occasion,  Chizomana Ishii, ASA past-President (1972, 1973) and niece of Hopi Chief Sekakuku, wrote a poem about Howe in which she mentions the strength, integrity, and compassion of this man who was
        . . . filled with kindness and understanding
        Seldom found in these days of great demanding.
        Few know and comprehend the desert as he,
        Who has been the shining example for all to see . . .
Ishii touches upon the essence of Howe:  his enchantment with the desert and his joy at sharing his awareness and adventures with others.  Howe traveled the southern California deserts and down to Baja and Barranca del Cobre in Mexico many times. Eventually, in 1959, his jeep, El Esperito del Desierto II, gave him the freedom to traverse the rockiest of desert terrain.  He enjoyed roughing it and teaching his desert survival skills to others.  He wrote the “Ten Commandments for Field Behaviour” to encourage ASA volunteers to become valuable team members (Howe, 1953/1983).
Howe was inventive.  To speed the process of sifting material at archaeological excavations, he and ASA member Clyde Price designed and constructed a power shaker using a Sears refrigerator spring for a gentle bounce, a one-cylinder motor, and nesting variable-size mesh screens.  At the Calico Early Man site near Barstow (where he volunteered “a pretty good slice of my life . . . in the pits”), Howe and ASA member Clifton Clouse developed a method of using small mirrors to show both sides of artifacts in a photograph.  Howe worked to develop his photography skills and taught artifact photography ((Howe, 1960; Steele, 1982).  The National Geographic sent him a Leica 35mm camera that “got a pretty good workout” (Howe, 1977b).
The Los Angeles Times observed that Howe was “as natural in the desert as the prickly cactus or the sagebrush and sand.  He wears a dusty, shapeless, wide-brimmed hat . . . squints through yellow-brown eyes set in a tanned face that seems to have been carved from granite” (Hulse, 1954).  Fortunately, Howe was meticulous and took good care of his photographs documenting his and ASA’s work, travel, and adventures.
    
Full Bibliography


Scope and Content
The collection contains 1,610 black-and-white negatives, mostly 4x5-inch, taken in California and Mexico by Charley (Clayton) Howe between 1947 and 1972.  Howe had joined the Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California, Inc. in 1948 and, in 1975, donated the negatives to the ASA.  The Association envisioned the negatives as the initial collection of an archive of photographs on California archaeology that would be open for reference by scholars (“Photographic Archives Established,” 1975).  
The negatives cover 26 years of Howe’s travels in California and Mexico and a 25-year span of ASA’s active survey work in southern California beginning a year after the association was founded.  During this period, ASA surveyed over 120 sites.  These negatives document more than 155 trips by Howe to more than 84 locations.
As in many areas worldwide, southern California has sustained the loss of archaeological treasures due to urbanization and vandalism.  The state of rock art in two beautiful Mojave Desert canyons, Black and Inscription, is typical of the extensive manmade damage that is common at archaeological sites in southern California.  The destruction includes graffiti, bullet holes, red paint stains from attempted rubbings, artwork destroyed by people trying to chisel it off the rocks, and trash dumped around the artwork.  Howe’s images show such destruction of rock sites over the years.
In 1947, archaeologists at the Southwest Museum in Los Angeles worried about the destruction of archaeological sites and anticipated a dearth of source material for understanding the prehistory of southern California.  Thus, the ASA was founded by Southwest Museum archaeologists Mark Harrington, Edwin Francis Walker, Frederick Webb Hodge, and Howard Arden Edwards (Steele, 1982) with the goal of surveying southern California to document archaeological sites.  The membership of the professional-amateur association grew from the initial 50 to 200 in five months.  Amateurs from many walks of life surveyed southern California archaeological sites along with professional archaeologists from universities (including University of Southern California, University of California, Los Angeles, University of California, Riverside, University of California, Santa Barbara, University of Redlands, and Long Beach State College) and museums (including Southwest Museum, San Diego Museum of Man, and Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History) (Steele, 1982).      Some of Howe’s photographs are the only complete remains of destroyed treasures such as a petroglyph of several sheep traversing a cliff face in Black Canyon, California.  The negatives contain valuable, comprehensive, and sometimes unique documentation for archaeologists and historians.  There are beautiful black-and-white images of difficult-to-photograph petroglyphs and pictographs from California locations including Black Canyon, China Lake, Burro Flats, and Painted Cave; ASA’s Barranca del Cobre Expedition (Mexico) in 1960; trips to the Baja Peninsula in Mexico beginning in 1956, long before the paved highway opened up Baja in 1973; ASA members excavating, staking, laughing, resting, and digging again; campsites rigged around ordinary cars that somehow made it out into the desert; Tarahumara Indians in Barranca del Cobre; a Pauite friend in Bishop; a Mexican family at remote El Arco in Baja; a Paiute in a magnificent headdress; artifacts, intaglios, and cairns; tarantulas and snakes; giant cacti and flowering yuccas in the desert; the dedication of ASA’s Early Man Research Center; and many other subjects.
The negatives contain hundreds of images of petroglyphs and pictographs in California and some images of the exquisite and faithful rock art reproductions prepared by Charles LaMonk, a professional artist and ASA member.  LaMonk pursued enthusiastically the goal of recording and preserving Indian rock art (Charles LaMonk: ASA artist, 1976/1983) and donated over one hundred reproductions to the ASA (referenced in this finding aid as “ASA LaMonk No.”).  He made his first reproductions for ASA at Burro Flats in 1953 where Howe worked with LaMonk to figure out an implement that LaMonk could use to reproduce the rock art accurately.  They found that a folded piece of paper with a torn end was a tool that simulated a tightly folded piece of buckskin with a flayed end and “produced heavy and thin lines, curves . . . that matched the brushwork and technique [of the pictographs] exactly” (LaMonk, 1953/n.d.; Jackson, 1954).  LaMonk also painted portraits of American Indians and his work has been exhibited at national and international exhibitions and in the White House by presidential invitation (Redtfeldt, 1991).
Some of Howe’s travels and archaeological work is not represented in these negatives.  Given his love of photography, one may speculate that other photographs exist and were perhaps included with materials pertaining to particular archaeological sites.  Some negatives are missing from the collection as evidenced by empty original enclosures or references to items on Howe’s draft index (n.d.).  A list of missing negatives appears near the end of this finding aid.
State and county names have been added to Howe’s place names here.  Two gazetteers (Thesaurus of Geographic Names, 1997; United States Geological Survey, 1999) were used to locate information.  One site, Oak Creek, could not be pin-pointed.
    
Full Bibliography


Organization
Collection ASA001 is organized in 96 series.  Each series contains negatives of photographs taken at one location.  When a series has photographs taken on different dates, negatives from each date comprise separate sub-series that are arranged in chronological order (undated last).  
For control purposes, the negatives were re-numbered in a continuous sequence from ASA001-1 through ASA001-1610.  The collection number was used as a prefix to prevent confusion with Howe’s original numbers, 1 through 10400.  A cross-reference list of ASA and Howe numbers appears near the end of this finding aid.  All negative enclosures bear the Howe number (or the notation “[no number]”) and ASA number.
Negatives are stored in archival boxes numbered 1 through 6.  Boxes 1-5 contain negatives that had not deteriorated at the time of processing.  Deteriorated negatives are segregated in box 6.  The integrity of the collection was maintained by separating deteriorated negatives only after numbering the entire collection.
    The organization follows the original order intended by Howe.  According to Howe’s draft index of some negatives taken between 1947 and 1972, the “dominant classification is by site name” (Howe, n.d.).  Howe numbered most of the negatives taken between 1947 and mid-1960 from 1 to 10400.  Negatives from each site were numbered in sequence in approximately chronological order. The order in which each site appears in the numeric sequence appears arbitrary.  Some number ranges were reserved for future use or some were allocated to a specific location, for example, 1000 et seq. for Black Canyon.  Howe may have numbered the negatives some years after the photographs were taken.  For example, numbers assigned to negatives of photographs taken in 1955 precede those of some from 1952.
Negatives of photographs taken after October 1960, and some before 1960, are not numbered or listed on Howe’s (n.d.) index.  However, some were filed at the end of a numbered site sequence.  For example, unnumbered negatives of photographs taken in Rodman Mountains in the 1960s follow the numbered Rodman negatives in chronological order but precede 1956 China Lake negatives.  There are exceptions.  For example, Howe numbered negatives of Yuma as 1-3 and 1689-1690.  Since Howe’s numbering sequence was not changed during processing, negatives of photographs taken at some locations appear in more than one place in the collection.  
Most of the negatives not numbered by Howe were filed after Howe’s last number (10400) grouped by site.  Many negatives were out of order, perhaps due to the project being unfinished by Howe, or due to reorganization, use, or misfiling by others.  Minor re-arrangement was done during processing to follow Howe’s intent to organize by site, and within site in chronological order.  Most of the negatives are 4x5-inch.  Other sizes of negatives are noted in the container list.


Selected Search Terms for Collection Access
Controlled vocabulary terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings and Thesaurus for Graphic Materials I and II; and some local terms.

Format and Genre:
Acetate negatives
Ethnographic photographs
Group portraits
Landscape photographs
Polyester negatives
Portrait photographs
Reproductions
Views

Names:
Antelope Valley Indian Museum (Lancaster, Calif.)
Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California (Redlands, Calif.)
Black Canyon (San Bernardino, Calif.)
Black, Chio (Chizomana Ishii)
China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station (Calif.)
Cowper, Dorothy
Curtis, Freddie, b. 1913
Eastern California Museum (Independence, Calif.)
Howe, Charley (Clayton), 1897-1989
LaMonk, Charles, d. 1990
Simpson, Ruth DeEtte
San Bernardino County Museum (Redlands, Calif.)
Southwest Museum (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Wormington, Hannah Marie, 1914-1994

Subjects:
Anthropology – California  
Anthropology – Mexico
Archaeological sites – California
Archaeological surveying – California
Archaeology – California
Artifacts – California
Artists – American – California
California – Antiquities
Cocopa Indians – Mexico
Cradleboards – Arizona
Desert plants – California
Deserts – California
Excavations (Archaeology) – California
Hopi Indians
Indians – Antiquities
Jeep automobiles
Mojave Desert – California
Navaho Indians
Orphanages – Mexico
Paiute Indians – California
Petroglyphs – California  
Petroglyphs – Nevada
Photography in archaeology
Pueblos – Arizona
Rock art – California
Rock art – Nevada
Rock paintings – California
Tarahumara Indians – Mexico
Volunteer workers in archaeology


Chronological List of Sites Photographed

(In California unless noted otherwise)

1947:  
Month unknown:  Malibu Mountains Pictograph Cave

1948:  
May:  Salton Sea

1949:  
Month unknown:  Black Canyon; Painted Cave

1950:  
Month unknown:  Black Canyon

1951:  
April and May:  Yuma sand dunes
May:  Black Canyon

1952:  
March and June:  Black Canyon  
November:  a California ranch
Month unknown:  Temecula

1953:
February:  Avawatz Mountains
April and November:  Deep Creek
May:  Black Canyon
July:  Downey site
November:  Willow Springs
Month unknown:  Burro Flats

1954:
March:  Black Star Canyon
March, May and June:  Black Canyon
April:  Burro Flats; Coyote Gulch
June:  Antelope Valley Indian Museum; Humming Bird Ranch
July:  Amazon Hill
Month unknown:  Painted Cave; Phillips Ranch; Providence Mountains; Texas Street, San Diego; Torrance site

1955:
January:  Kingston Wash; Leach Lake; Providence Mountains
March:  Black Canyon
March and November:  Rodman Mountains
May:  Devil’s Post Pile; Malaga Cove
June, July, and November:  Phillips Ranch
July:  Aqua Dulce Ranch and Painted Cave
August:  Mutau Meadows
September:  Cuddleback Lake
October:  Signal Mountain, Mexico
Month unknown:  Thousand Palms

1956:  
February:  Rodman Mountains
April:  Black Canyon
September and October:  Baja California, Mexico
Month unknown:  Baja California, Mexico; Black Canyon; China Lake


1957:
March:  Southwest Museum
April:  Mule Canyon; Rodman Mountains
May:  China Lake
May/June; and November:  Baja California, Mexico
July:  Grover City
September:  Amazon Hill; Casmalia Beach
October:  Mesquite Springs; San Timoteo Canyon
Month unknown:  Harbor Freeway in Los Angeles; Navajo Country and Wupatki, Arizona

1958:  
January and March:  Black Canyon
March:  Rock Springs

1959:  
October:  Baja California, Mexico
Month unknown:  Black Canyon

1960:
February:  Aguanga
February, March, April, May, and November:  Black Canyon
April:  Gem Hill
May:  Guadalupe Canyon, Mexico
July:  Independence
August:  Bishop and Owen’s Valley
October:  Barranca del Cobre, Mexico
Month unknown:  Joshua Tree Monument; Seco Laguna Chapala, Mexico

1961:
February; and March:  Black Canyon; Little Lake
March:  Petroglyph Cave
May:  Amazon Hill
June:  Angeles Crest Highway; Bishop; Casa Diablo; Coso Hot Springs
September:  Davis Dam, Arizona-Nevada; Taos and Bandelier, New Mexico
Month unknown:  Keeler; Lone Pine; Sage Canyon; Shadow Mountain; Swansea; Tropico Mojave Mine; Western Star/Price Ranch

1962:  
January:  Black Canyon, Davis Dam (Arizona-Nevada), Grapevine Canyon (Nevada), Lone Pine, Western Star/Price Ranch
May:  Last Chance Canyon
Month unknown:  Coso Hot Springs

1963:  
January:  Davis Dam and Grapevine Canyon, Nevada
June:  Baja California, Mexico
October:  Barranca del Cobre, Mexico

1964:  
July:  Crowley Site No. 1
October:  Barranca del Cobre, Mexico
Month unknown:  Black Canyon; Bloomington [Redlands]; Rodman Mountains; Western Star/Price Ranch

1965:  
April:  Davis Dam, Arizona-Nevada
Month unknown:  China Lake; Colonia Guerro, Mexico

1966:  no locations mentioned

1967:  
Month unknown:  Baja California, Mexico; Grapevine Canyon (Nevada); Howe noted that the Calico dig took first place in ASA field activities (Ishii, 1968).  No photographs of Calico here.

1968:  
Month unknown:  Black Canyon; Fossil Falls

1969:  no locations mentioned

1970:  no locations mentioned

1971:  
November:  Hole-in-the-wall
Month unknown:  Rancho California; Yucca Valley


1972:  
February:  Baja California, Mexico

No dates:  Amboy Crater, Barstow, Chilao Flats, Fort Tejon, Horse Canyon Cave, Irvine Ranch, Maricopa, Oak Creek, Vincent, Ventura Boulevard in Los Angeles County, Zion National Park (Utah).   There are both dated and undated negatives for the following nine locations:  Bishop, Black Canyon, Burro Flats, Coso Hot Springs, Davis Dam (Arizona-Nevada), Humming Bird Ranch, Keeler, Baja California (Mexico), Barranca del Cobre (Mexico)


Photography Details

According to Howe’s notes on a few of the negative enclosures, he used at least eight different cameras and seventeen kinds of film to produce these photographs.

Cameras:

1952:  Brand 17 and 8-inch Ektar lens, Graflex, Voightlander reflex, and box camera owned by Howe’s son, Vernon (Black Canyon ASA001-425 – 467 series)

1954:  Printex (Burro Flats ASA001- 237, 244, 258, 260, 261 and Coyote Gulch ASA001-714-731 series), Recomar (first time that Howe used this camera:  Black Canyon ASA001-487 – 489), and Voightlander reflex (Burro Flats ASA001-249 – 254)

1955:  Brand 17 with wide angle lens (Black Canyon ASA001-527 – 529); Recomar (Leach Lake ASA001-964 – 970 series and Providence Mountains ASA001-1010 – 1011)

1956:  Ansco reflex (Baja California ASA001-1144 – 1152)

1957:  Ansco reflex (China Lake ASA001-931 – 932)

1960:  Kodak Medalist (first time that Howe used this camera:  Guadalupe Canyon ASA001-90 – 96)

1962:  Kodak Medalist (Grapevine Canyon ASA001-1481 – 1489)

Films:

1951:  Kodak Commercial, Panatomic X, Pentagon film (all photographs with this film are very degraded) and Super XX (Black Canyon ASA001-403 – 418 series)

1952:  Contrast Process Pan, DuPont Commercial, Portrait Pan, and Super XX (Black Canyon ASA001-425 – 467 series)

1953:  Ansco Commercial, Contrast Process Pan, DuPont Process Pan, Ortho and fine grain Pan (Black Canyon ASA001-468 – 475 series)

1954:  Isopan with D23 borax developer (Burro Flats ASA001-244 and Coyote Gulch ASA001-714-731 series), Panatomic X with D23 borax as developer, and Process Pan (Coyote Gulch ASA001-714-731 series)

1955:  Ansco Isopan (Rodman Mountains ASA001-780), Ortho X (Rodman Mountains ASA001-765), Panatomic X (Leach Lake ASA001-964 – 970 series; Rodman Mountains ASA001-776, 848 – 851 (848-851 were intensified with Kodak Chromium Intensifier)

1956:  One negative (China Lake ASA001-892) was intensified in copper and is extremely degraded

1957:  Adox KB14 film (China Lake ASA001-931 – 932)

1961:  Plus X Pan with K2 filter (Bishop ASA001-1325)

1962:  Kodak Panatomic X film and D76 developer 1 to 1 (Grapevine Canyon ASA001-1481 – 1489)

1963:  Plus X rated at 320ASA and developed 8 minutes at 70 degrees (Davis Dam ASA001-1400 – 1408 and Grapevine Canyon ASA001-1490 – 1492


Collection

YUMA SAND DUNES (CALIFORNIA), APRIL 1951
3 negatives:  ASA001-1 – 3
Box 1

ASA’s first field trip on April 21-22, 1951, was to the Sand Hills area for surveying and surface collecting (Peck, 1953).

Photographs of ASA group around a campfire.  Group includes Dr. Herbert Cowper (at left in light cap) and son Gregory (Zajicek, 1988).  Photographs were taken with F 7.7 Ektar lens with one no. 5 bulb.  ASA001-3 was published in ASA Bulletin (Blast from the past no. 1, 1988).  See also: Yuma sand dunes, May 1951, ASA001-702 – 703.

ASA001-1 ASA001-1
ASA001-2 ASA001-2
ASA001-3 ASA001-3


MALIBU MOUNTAINS PICTOGRAPH CAVE (CALIFORNIA), 1947
7 negatives:  ASA001-4 – 10
Box 1

Howe took this trip with Grover Reeder and Dirk Gutcher.  Very faint pictographs in a cave in the Malibu Mountains.  Photographs include Verna (Mrs. Charley) Howe (ASA001-8) and Mrs. Howe with a group of people near a cave entrance (ASA001-9).
ASA001-4 ASA001-4(Malibu Mountain)
ASA001-5 ASA001-5
ASA001-6 ASA001-6
ASA001-7 ASA001-7
ASA001-8 ASA001-8(Mrs. Charley Howe)
ASA001-9 ASA001-9
ASA001-10 ASA001-10



PAINTED CAVE (SANTA BARBARA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1949-1955
20 negatives:  ASA001-11 – 30
Box 1.  Box 6:  9 degraded negatives ASA001-11, 12, 20, 23 – 28
Three sub-series in chronological order

“Painted Cave is in the San Marcos Pass near Santa Barbara.  The property at this date [July 10, 1955] is owned by Mr. Ralph Ogram who lives nearby.  This trip was made with Harford Bridges and Lily Colvin on a hot day in July.  Mr. Ogram gave us the key to the cave and we worked in the cave, using Harford’s powerful electronic flash, until past midnight.  Mr. Ogram told me that he has pictures taken by his grandfather showing the pictographs nearly complete and before the vandalism of the white man.  The colors of these glyphs are very brilliant.” (Howe, original enclosure for ASA001-18).  Site trinomial is SBA-506.  ASA001-21 was published in ASA Bulletin (Blast from the past no. 2, 1988).

    Painted Cave, 1949
    2 negatives:  ASA001-11 – 12
 Pictographs in cave; very degraded negatives (scheduled for preservation copying in January 2000).
 
ASA001-11 ASA001-11 (Painted Cave, Santa Barbara)
ASA001-12 ASA001-12

 
    Painted Cave, 1954
    5 negatives:  ASA001-13 – 17
Pictographs in cave.

ASA001-13 ASA001-13
ASA001-14 ASA001-14
ASA001-15 ASA001-15
ASA001-16 ASA001-16
ASA001-17 ASA001-17

 
    Painted Cave, July 10, 1955
    13 negatives:  ASA001-18 – 30
 Pictographs in cave.
 
ASA001-18 ASA001-18
ASA001-19 ASA001-19
ASA001-20 ASA001-20
ASA001-21 ASA001-21
ASA001-22 ASA001-22
ASA001-23 Image not available.
ASA001-24 Image not available.
ASA001-25 Image not available.
ASA001-26 Image not available.
ASA001-27 Image not available.
ASA001-28 Image not available.
ASA001-29 ASA001-29(Painted Cave, Santa Barbara)
ASA001-30 ASA001-30

  

THOUSAND PALMS (RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1955
7 negatives:  ASA001-31 – 37
Box 1.  Box 6:  2 degraded negatives ASA001-34, 37
A well-defined ancient Indian trail (ASA001-32, 33, 35) and cleared areas in the desert pavement on terraces above the wash (ASA001-31, 36).

ASA001-31 ASA001-31(Thousand Palms?)
ASA001-32 ASA001-32
ASA001-33 ASA001-33
ASA001-34 Image not available.
ASA001-35 ASA001-35
ASA001-36 ASA001-36
ASA001-37 Image not available.


TORRANCE SITE (LOS ANGELES COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1954
1 negative:  ASA001-38
Box 1
Two metates and two bowls “taken by [Los Angeles] County Museum and all artifacts went there” (Howe, original enclosure).  4x3-inch negative.

ASA001-38 ASA001-38(Torrance Site)

CUDDLEBACK LAKE (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), SEPTEMBER 17-18, 1955
1 negative:  ASA001-39
Box 1
A dry lake site (Howe, n.d.).  Photograph shows a campsite in the desert with a jeep rigged as a tent.

ASA001-39 ASA001-39


MALAGA COVE (LOS ANGELES COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), MAY 1, 1955
2 negatives:  ASA001-40 – 41
Box 1
People working at archaeological excavation of a milling site.  The material went to the Southwest Museum (Steele, 1982).

ASA001-40 ASA001-40(Malaga Cove)
ASA001-41 ASA001-41


MUTAU MEADOWS OR FLATS (VENTURA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), AUGUST 20-21, 1955
6 negatives:  ASA001-42 – 47
Box 1
Many pictographs in a cave near the ranch house (site VEN-2) but “quarters too close to get photos of most” (Howe, enclosure for ASA001-47).  The main pictograph in negatives ASA001-46 – 47 was reproduced in 1959 by Charles LaMonk (ASA LaMonk No. 82).  The other pictograph in the same negatives is similar to ASA LaMonk No. 26.
Four photographs show a deer killed by a mountain lion and found by a hunter (ASA001-42 – 45).

ASA001-42 ASA001-42(Mutau Flats)
ASA001-43 ASA001-43
ASA001-44 ASA001-44
ASA001-45 ASA001-45
ASA001-46 ASA001-46 (Mutau Flats, LaMonk #26, #82)
ASA001-47 ASA001-47


TEXAS STREET, SAN DIEGO (CALIFORNIA), 1954
4 negatives:  ASA001-48 – 51
Box 1
Views of Dr. George Carter’s archaeological site (Carter, 1980); no digging in progress.  Howe (n.d.) cross-indexed the photographs under the entry “Geological Interest.”

ASA001-48 ASA001-48(Texas Street)
ASA001-49 ASA001-49
ASA001-50 ASA001-50
ASA001-51 ASA001-51


SIGNAL MOUNTAIN (BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO), OCTOBER 8-9, 1955
1 negative:  ASA001-52
Box 1
A three-jeep camp with Signal Mountain in the background.

ASA001-52 ASA001-52(Signal Mountain, Baja)

SOUTHWEST MUSEUM, LOS ANGELES (CALIFORNIA), MARCH 2, 1957
8 negatives:  ASA001-53 – 60
Box 1
Views of the exterior and vicinity of the museum that was ASA’s first home.  The founders of ASA were archaeologists at the museum.

ASA001-53 ASA001-53(Southwest Museum, March 2, 1957)
ASA001-54 ASA001-54
ASA001-55 ASA001-55
ASA001-56 ASA001-56
ASA001-57 ASA001-57
ASA001-58 ASA001-58
ASA001-59 ASA001-59(Southwest Museum)
ASA001-60 ASA001-60(Southwest Museum)

MULE CANYON (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), APRIL 6-7, 1957
1 negative:  ASA001-61
Box 1
ASA began the survey of Mule Canyon with a reconnaissance trip in March 1957; about forty members participated (Simpson, 1957/1984).  ASA worked the site on weekends during 1957.

Photograph of jeep-car camp with Chester and Thelma Crain (not Crane as on original enclosure) having dinner beside car.  Date taken from Howe (n.d.) as original enclosure is undated.  Photograph was published in ASA Bulletin (Blast from the past no. 8, 1990).

ASA001-61 ASA001-61(Mule Canyon)


KINGSTON WASH (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), JANUARY 24, 1955
1 negative:  ASA001-62
Box 1
Clyde Price working at archaeological site in a cave at Kingston Wash.

ASA001-62 ASA001-62(Kingston Wash, Clyde Price)

HUMMING BIRD RANCH, SIMI VALLEY AREA (VENTURA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), UNDATED
1 negative:  ASA001-63
Box 1
Woodpecker holes in telephone pole near Humming Bird Ranch.  Howe (n.d.) indexed this image as “unusual or different.”
ASA001-63 ASA001-63(Woodpecker holes)

“EL TORO” JEEP, UNDATED
3 negatives:  ASA001-64 – 66  
Box 1.  Box 6:  2 degraded negatives ASA001-64, 65
Jeep with the name “El Toro” painted on the door.  Price (?) with jeep.

ASA001-64 Image not available.
ASA001-65 Image not available.
ASA001-66 ASA001-66


CASMALIA BEACH (SANTA BARBARA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), SEPTEMBER 1-2, 1957
2 negatives:  ASA001-67 – 68
Box 1
Beach visited with Jim Fisher (not pictured).  2.25x2.25-inch negatives

ASA001-67 ASA001-67
ASA001-68 ASA001-68


GROVER CITY (SAN LUIS OBISPO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), JULY 6-7, 1957
4 negatives:  ASA001-69 – 72
Box 1
Howe (?) posing with Bill and Evelyn Goodnight outside house.  2.25x2.25-inch negatives.

ASA001-69 ASA001-69(Grover City, San Luis Obispo)
ASA001-70 ASA001-70
ASA001-71 ASA001-71
ASA001-72 ASA001-72


VENTURA BOULEVARD (LOS ANGELES COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), UNDATED
2 negatives:  ASA001-73 – 74
Box 1
A single sandstone concretion propped against a brick wall.

ASA001-73 ASA001-73
ASA001-74 ASA001-74


HARBOR FREEWAY (LOS ANGELES COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1957
10 negatives:  ASA001-75 – 84
Box 1
Howe found fossils at the Harbor Freeway construction site near his house on 113th Street near Imperial Highway; the State of California later condemned his property for construction of the Century Freeway (Howe, 1977a).  It is not clear whether the photographs in this series are from Howe’s find or from another excavation.

Photographs of Pleistocene bones (identification from notation on enclosure of ASA001-82); view of the freeway dig between 112th and 113th streets in Los Angeles; sandspike picture made for Chuck Williams that Howe (n.d.) cross-indexed under the entry “Geological Interest” (ASA001-75, undated).

ASA001-75 ASA001-75(Harbor Freeway)
ASA001-76 ASA001-76
ASA001-77 ASA001-77
ASA001-78 ASA001-78
ASA001-79 ASA001-79
ASA001-80 ASA001-80(Texas Street (?), see others)
ASA001-81 ASA001-81
ASA001-82 ASA001-82
ASA001-83 ASA001-83
ASA001-84 ASA001-84


SAN TIMOTEO CANYON (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), OCTOBER 6, 1957
5 negatives:  ASA001-85 – 89
Box 1
Photographs of a human skeleton (ASA001-87) and historical artifacts including a five franc 1834 coin, an 1854 coin, a belt buckle, and an engraved spoon (ASA001-85 – 86).  Howe (n.d.) cross-indexed the photographs under the entry “Historical Interest.”   

ASA001-85 ASA001-85(San Timoteo Canyon)
ASA001-86 ASA001-86
ASA001-87 ASA001-87
ASA001-88 ASA001-88
ASA001-89 ASA001-89


GUADALUPE CANYON (BAJA CALIFORNIA, MEXICO), MAY 30, 1960
7 negatives:  ASA001-90 – 96
Box 1
Howe took this trip with Don Fruit, Wilma Williams, and Andy Kastell.  The canyon, on the Sierra Juarez Plateau in northern Baja, has hot pools (Howe, 1976c).  The photographs include a group of people having refreshments beside a car, landscapes, jeeps traversing rocky hill terrain, a swimming hole, and a hut of palm fronds.

ASA001-90 ASA001-90(Guadalupe Canyon)
ASA001-91 ASA001-91(Road to Guadalupe Canyon, Baja, California)
ASA001-92 ASA001-92
ASA001-93 ASA001-93
ASA001-94 ASA001-94
ASA001-95 ASA001-95
ASA001-96 ASA001-96



AMBOY CRATER (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), UNDATED
1 negative:  ASA001-97
Box 1
View of the crater and the surrounding landscape
.
ASA001-97 ASA001-97(Amboy)

AGUANGA (RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), FEBRUARY 1960
1 negative:  ASA001-98
Box 1
Petroglyph of a lanky man walking “made by removing lichens from the rock” (Howe, original enclosure).  Location is near Bergman’s Museum.

ASA001-98 ASA001-98(Aguanga "lichen glyph")

HORSE CANYON CAVE (KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), UNDATED
10 negatives:  ASA001-99 – 108 (Howe negative no. 268 envelope is empty)
Box 1.  Box 6:  3 degraded negatives ASA001-105, 107, 108
Excavation was sponsored by Southwest Museum and University of California, Los Angeles (Steele, 1982).

Views of the cave entrance at the canyon site (KER-93); Clyde Price posing with tripod (ASA001-103); rainbow-shaped and circular, radiating pictographs (ASA001-104, 106).  Some of these pictographs appear in the reproductions prepared by Charles LaMonk in 1954 (ASA LaMonk Nos. 66 and 80).  In addition to these reproductions, the ASA owns four other LaMonk reproductions of Horse Canyon rock art (ASA LaMonk Nos. 28, 50, 51, 71).

ASA001-99 ASA001-99(Horse Canyon Cave)
ASA001-100 ASA001-100
ASA001-101 ASA001-101
ASA001-102 ASA001-102
ASA001-103 ASA001-103(Clyde Price, Cache Creek)
ASA001-104 ASA001-104(Cache Creek, LaMonk #80)
ASA001-105 Image not available.
ASA001-106 ASA001-106(Cache Creek, LaMonk #66)
ASA001-107 Image not available.
ASA001-108 Image not available.


AQUA DULCE RANCH (LOS ANGELES COUNTY, CALIFORNIA?), JULY 3, 1955
10 negatives:  ASA001-109 – 118
Box 1
Views include a swimming hole with “No Frog Hunting” and “No Fishing” signs and a picnic area with parked cars (ASA001-109 – 111).  Several small groups of people are posing on a rock (ASA001-112 – 118).  Howe (n.d.) references a “Mrs. Lotito.”  According to archaeologist M. Lerch, this location now may be Vasquez Rocks, a Los Angeles County park (D. Grenda, personal communication, October 23, 1999).

ASA001-109 ASA001-109(Agua Dulce, Vasquez Rocks (?), 1955)
ASA001-110 ASA001-110
ASA001-111 ASA001-111
ASA001-112 ASA001-112
ASA001-113 ASA001-113
ASA001-114 ASA001-114("Mrs. Lotito"(?), Vasquez Rocks, 1955)
ASA001-115 ASA001-115
ASA001-116 ASA001-116
ASA001-117 ASA001-117
ASA001-118 ASA001-118



AVAWATZ MOUNTAINS (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), FEBRUARY 20-23, 1953
8 negatives:  ASA001-119 – 126
Box 1
Views of a cave entrance and the surrounding area.

ASA001-119 ASA001-119(Avawatz, 1953)
ASA001-120 ASA001-120
ASA001-121 ASA001-121
ASA001-122 ASA001-122
ASA001-123 ASA001-123
ASA001-124 ASA001-124
ASA001-125 ASA001-125
ASA001-126 ASA001-126


NAVAJO COUNTRY AND WUPATKI (ARIZONA), 1957
12 negatives:  ASA001-127 – 138
Box 1
Photographs include a Navaho mother with her child in a cradleboard with a close-up showing construction of the cradleboard; views outside a Navaho hogan; groups of unidentified people outside a house constructed of wooden planks (ASA001-127 – 130); three photographs of the Wupatki ruins, northeast of Flagstaff, Arizona (ASA001-135 – 138).  Some 2.25x2.25-inch negatives.

ASA001-127 ASA001-127
ASA001-128 ASA001-128(Navajo, 1957)
ASA001-129 ASA001-129
ASA001-130 ASA001-130
ASA001-131 ASA001-131
ASA001-132 ASA001-132
ASA001-133 ASA001-133
ASA001-134 ASA001-134
ASA001-135 ASA001-135(Wupatki, 1957)
ASA001-136 ASA001-136
ASA001-137 ASA001-137
ASA001-138 ASA001-138


ANTELOPE VALLEY INDIAN MUSEUM (LOS ANGELES COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), JUNE 10-11, 1954
6 negatives:  ASA001-139 – 144
Box 1
Exterior views of museum originally built as the residence of one of ASA’s founders, H. A. Edwards.  ASA’s Antelope Valley Indian Museum survey material is believed to be in this museum (Steele, 1982).   

ASA001-139 ASA001-139
ASA001-140 ASA001-140(Antelope Valley Indian Museum, 1954)
ASA001-141 ASA001-141
ASA001-142 ASA001-142
ASA001-143 ASA001-143
ASA001-144 ASA001-144


AMAZON HILL AND CAVE (INYO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1954-1961
18 negatives:  ASA001-145 – 162
Box 1
Three sub-series in chronological order
Near Lone Pine.  ASA participated in a survey sponsored by the Eastern California Museum in September 1957 that located five caves with evidence of recent Indian occupation (Rozaire, 1968).  Howe (n.d.) mentions a Waldo Kell.  Material from the survey went to the Eastern California Museum (Steele, 1982).

    Amazon Hill and Cave, July 24-25, 1954
    8 negatives:  ASA001-145 – 152
    Landscapes showing the hill and the cave entrance; a young man near the cave entrance (ASA001-148 and 151); and a group of people posing on the hoods of two cars (ASA001-152).
   
ASA001-145 ASA001-145(Amazon Hill, near Lone Pine, 1954)
ASA001-146 ASA001-146
ASA001-147 ASA001-147
ASA001-148 ASA001-148
ASA001-149 ASA001-149
ASA001-150 ASA001-150
ASA001-151 ASA001-151(Amazon Hill, 1954)
ASA001-152 ASA001-152

    Amazon Hill and Cave, September 28-29, 1957
    7 negatives:  ASA001-153 – 159
    Views taken during ASA survey of the area; basketry from the cave; several women climbing the hill.  2.25x2.25 negatives.
       
ASA001-153 ASA001-153
ASA001-154 ASA001-154
ASA001-155 ASA001-155
ASA001-156 ASA001-156
ASA001-157 ASA001-157(Amazon Cave (?), 1957)
ASA001-158 ASA001-158
ASA001-159 ASA001-159

    Amazon Hill and Cave, May 1961
    3 negatives:  ASA001-160 – 162
    On May 27, 1961, ASA made a trip to recover basketry (Apostolides, 1961/1984a).  Views of the hill.  2.25x3.25-inch negatives.

ASA001-160 ASA001-160
ASA001-161 ASA001-161(Amazon Hill, 1961)
ASA001-162 ASA001-162


ARTIFACTS FOUND AT SECO LAGUNA CHAPALA (BAJA CALIFORNIA), 1960
1 negative:  ASA001-163
Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-163
A display of artifacts that includes projectile points.

ASA001-163 Image not available.

ARTIFACTS OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN, 1960
1 negative:  ASA001-164
Box 1
“Artifacts now in my possession and of unknown origin” (Howe, original enclosure).  The display of artifacts includes projectile points.

ASA001-164 ASA001-164(unknown origin)

CHILAO FLATS (LOS ANGELES COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), UNDATED (1954?)
25 negatives:  ASA001-165 – 189
Box 1.  Box 6:  6 degraded negatives ASA001-174, 178, 179, 182, 188, 189
At the request of the U.S. Forest Service, the Southwest Museum sponsored a salvage dig worked by ASA and led by Dave Rice (Rice, 1954/1984; Rozaire, 1958/1984).  The excavation of a mourning site in the mountains uncovered a burial, beads, steatite bowls, and a “pelican hook” (Rice, 1954/1984).

Detailed photographs of people working at the excavation near Chilao Ranger Station; in situ and displayed artifacts.  ASA001-175 shows the sign at the dig:  “Dave Rice, 1700 Santee, LA #15.”

ASA001-165 ASA001-165(Chilao Flats, 1954(?)
ASA001-166 ASA001-166
ASA001-167 ASA001-167
ASA001-168 ASA001-168
ASA001-169 ASA001-169
ASA001-170 ASA001-170
ASA001-171 ASA001-171
ASA001-172 ASA001-172
ASA001-173 ASA001-173
ASA001-174 Image not available.
ASA001-175 ASA001-175
ASA001-176 ASA001-176
ASA001-177 ASA001-177
ASA001-178 Image not available.
ASA001-179 Image not available.
ASA001-180 ASA001-180
ASA001-181 ASA001-181(Chilao Flats, 1954(?)
ASA001-182 Image not available.
ASA001-183 ASA001-183
ASA001-184 ASA001-184
ASA001-185 ASA001-185
ASA001-186 ASA001-186(probably not Chilao Flats)
ASA001-187 ASA001-187 (possibly Burro Flats)
ASA001-188 Image not available.
ASA001-189 Image not available.


MESQUITE SPRINGS  (CALIFORNIA), OCTOBER 26-27, 1957
19 negatives:  ASA001-190 – 208
Box 1.  Box 6:  4 degraded negatives ASA001-190, 192, 201, 208
Views of the historical Tonopah and Tidewater Railway in the desert; a jeep campsite is near the railway track (ASA001-190 – 195).  Howe (1960) cross-indexed the photographs under the entry “Historical Interest.”  One photograph shows pictographs on rocks viewed from Mesquite Springs towards the railway (ASA001-194).  Photographs of pictographs (ASA001-196 – 208) include walls of pictographs (ASA001-205, 206).  Great variety of pictograph designs with circular elements.

ASA001-190 Image not available.
ASA001-191 ASA001-191 (Mesquite Springs, Mojave Desert, 1957)
ASA001-192 Image not available.
ASA001-193 ASA001-193
ASA001-194 ASA001-194
ASA001-195 ASA001-195
ASA001-196 ASA001-196
ASA001-197 ASA001-197
ASA001-198 ASA001-198
ASA001-199 ASA001-199
ASA001- 200 ASA001-200
ASA001- 201 Image not available.
ASA001- 202 ASA001-202
ASA001- 203 ASA001-203
ASA001- 204 ASA001-204
ASA001- 205 ASA001-205 (Mesquite Springs, 1957)
ASA001- 206 ASA001-206
ASA001- 207 ASA001-207
ASA001- 208 Image not available.


BURRO FLATS (VENTURA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1953-1954 AND UNDATED
70 negatives:  ASA001-209 – 278
Box 1.  Box 6:  10 degraded negatives ASA001-212, 222, 224 – 226, 230 – 231, 257, 265, 278
Three sub-series as numbered by Howe (chronological order but with undated series before 1953 series)

The site (VEN-4) above Chatsworth Reservoir was on a private ranch owned by Mr. Silvernale.  There were two cave homes at the site and pictographs in varied shapes and vivid color.  The West Coast’s first atomic power plant was planned for some of the Burro Flats area in 1954 (Jackson, 1954).

Charles LaMonk made his first reproductions of pictographs for the ASA at this site (ASA LaMonk Nos. 7, 8, 11, 12, 76 prepared in 1953; ASA LaMonk Nos. 13, 15, 17, 19, 25, 37 prepared in 1954).  On October 24-25, 1953, Howe and LaMonk experimented with brush strokes and “we found that by folding a piece of paper and tearing the end off square to simulate a tightly folded piece of buckskin with a flayed end, that we had a very versatile tool.  It produced heavy and thin lines, curves . . . that matched the brushwork and technique [of the pictographs] exactly” (LaMonk, 1953/n.d.; Jackson, 1954).

ASA001-258 ASA001-258 was published in ASA Bulletin (Blast from the past no. 9, 1990).  The original negative shows pictographs within the cave and LaMonk and Cowper painting and sketching outside the cave.

Burro Flats, undated
4 negatives:  ASA001-209 – 212
Photographs of LaMonk’s reproductions.  Neither of the original reproductions is in the ASA LaMonk collection.

ASA001-209 – 211 photograph of LaMonk’s reproduction of the most dominant pictograph figure in the ceremonial cave.  Hedges (1985) states that the figure illustrates the flight metaphor.  A similar figure appears in ASA LaMonk No. 11 prepared in 1953.  VanTilburg (1983, p. 44-45) recorded a similar figure from a “rock shelter in the Simi Hills.”  
ASA001-209 ASA001-209(Burro Flats, LaMonk Painting, not in collection, see LaMonk #11)
ASA001-210 ASA001-210
ASA001-211 ASA001-211

ASA001-212 photograph of LaMonk’s reproduction of the “Jumping Man” figure in the cave.  ASA LaMonk Nos. 13 and 37 (prepared in 1954) are similar reproductions.


ASA001-212 Image not available.

Burro Flats, 1953
24 negatives:  ASA001-213 – 236  
Views of dig site; the cave entrance; and a small cave near a tank about one mile from the main site.  Sub-series also includes:

ASA001-213 chart of baseline and grid of dig site dated October 10, 1953.
ASA001-213 ASA001-213(October 10, 1953, Burro Flats Excavation)
ASA001-214 ASA001-214
ASA001-215 ASA001-215
ASA001-216 ASA001-216
ASA001-217 ASA001-217
ASA001-218 ASA001-218
ASA001-219 ASA001-219

        ASA001-220 cairn.
ASA001-220 ASA001-220(cairn)

        ASA001-221 ash deposit.
ASA001-221 ASA001-221(Ash deposit)
    
        ASA001-222 pictograph of a central body with 2 rake-like arms.
ASA001-222 Image not available.
     
ASA001-223 ASA001-223
ASA001-224 Image not available.

        ASA001-225 – 226 pictograph cave.
ASA001-225 Image not available.
ASA001-226 Image not available.

ASA001-227 – 229 a group of people around a campfire includes W. O. Gilkey dressed up as an Indian in a headdress (ASA, 1977).
ASA001-227 ASA001-227
ASA001-228 ASA001-228
ASA001-229 ASA001-229     

ASA001-230 Image not available.
ASA001-231 Image not available.
ASA001-232 ASA001-232
ASA001-233 ASA001-233
ASA001-234 ASA001-234
ASA001-235 ASA001-235
ASA001-236 ASA001-236

    Burro Flats, April 17-18, 1954
    42 negatives:  ASA001-237 – 278

    Sub-series contains the following items:
ASA001-237 – 254 many groups of pictographs in a cave.  Pictographs in ASA001-237ASA001-237 include the dominant pictograph shown in ASA001-209 – 211.
ASA001-237 ASA001-237
ASA001-238 ASA001-238
ASA001-239 ASA001-239
ASA001-240 ASA001-240
ASA001-241 ASA001-241
ASA001-242 ASA001-242
ASA001-243 ASA001-243
ASA001-244 ASA001-244
ASA001-245 ASA001-245
ASA001-246 ASA001-246
ASA001-247 ASA001-247
ASA001-248 ASA001-248

ASA001-249 – 254 are 2.25x2.25-inch negatives.
ASA001-249 ASA001-249
ASA001-250 ASA001-250
ASA001-251 ASA001-251
ASA001-252 ASA001-252
ASA001-253 ASA001-253
ASA001-254 ASA001-254

ASA001-255 – 257 small rock shelter with pictographs painted in black on the ceiling.
ASA001-255 ASA001-255
ASA001-256 ASA001-256
ASA001-257 Image not available.

ASA001-258 – 259 Charles LaMonk, Charles Jr., and Dorothy Cowper (wife of late Dr. Herbert H. Cowper), sitting outside a cave entrance and sketching pictographs.  Pictographs are visible inside the cave.
ASA001-258 ASA001-258(Charles LaMonk at work)
ASA001-259 ASA001-259

ASA001-260 – 261 Freddie Curtis taking a rest.
ASA001-260 ASA001-260(Freddie Curtis, 1954)
ASA001-261 ASA001-261

ASA001-262 – 263 Ruth DeEtte Simpson laughing and pointing toward pictographs with a trowel.
ASA001-262 ASA001-262
ASA001-263 ASA001-263(Dee Simpson, Burro Flats, 1954)

ASA001-264 – 265 Ruth DeEtte Simpson and Freddie Curtis.
ASA001-264 ASA001-264(1954)
ASA001-265 Image not available.

ASA001-266 – 267 Jumping Man cave and Freddie Curtis.
ASA001-266 ASA001-266
ASA001-267 ASA001-267

ASA001-268 view of a trail across the flats.
ASA001-268 ASA001-2680268R

ASA001-269 bedrock mortars.
ASA001-269 ASA001-269

ASA001-270 – 278 views of the ranch and the surrounding landscape.  Also, general views of areas near the caves.
ASA001-270 ASA001-270
ASA001-271 ASA001-271
ASA001-272 ASA001-272
ASA001-273 ASA001-273
ASA001-274 ASA001-274
ASA001-275 ASA001-275
ASA001-276 ASA001-276
ASA001-277 ASA001-277
ASA001-278 Image not available.


DEEP CREEK (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1953
27 negatives: ASA001-279 – 305
Box 1.  Box 6:  17 degraded negatives ASA001-282 – 287, 290 – 296, 299, 300, 302, 305
Two sub-series as numbered by Howe (chronological sub-series but Howe numbered the November 1953 sub-series before the April 1953 sub-series).

Deep Creek, November 1, 1953
3 negatives:  ASA001-279 – 281
Displays of artifacts including projectile points and tools.

ASA001-279 ASA001-279(Deep Creek, 1953)
ASA001-280 ASA001-280
ASA001-281 ASA001-281


    Deep Creek, April 18-19, 1953
    24 negatives:  ASA001-282 – 305
    Views of area, dig site, artifacts and people including:

        ASA001-282 Mojave River, looking toward Victorville.
ASA001-282 Image not available.

ASA001-283 ASA001-283

        ASA001-284 a small projectile point in Dave Rice’s hand.
ASA001-284 Image not available.

ASA001-285 Image not available.

        ASA001-286 Ritner Sayles posing at the site.
ASA001-286 Image not available.

ASA001-287 Image not available.
ASA001-288 ASA001-288
ASA001-289 ASA001-289

        ASA001-290 Ruth DeEtte Simpson in the distance.
ASA001-290 Image not available.

ASA001-291 Image not available.
ASA001-292 Image not available.
ASA001-293 Image not available.
ASA001-294 Image not available.
ASA001-295 ASA001-295

        ASA001-296 display of artifacts labeled as Deep Creek 46.
ASA001-296 Image not available.

ASA001-297 – 301 excavation including a hearth (ASA001-299, 300).
ASA001-297 ASA001-297(Deep Creek, 1953)
ASA001-298 ASA001-298
ASA001-299 Image not available.
ASA001-300 Image not available.
ASA001-301 ASA001-301(Deep Creek, 1953)
ASA001-302 Image not available.

        ASA001-303 – 305 group of people working at the dig.
ASA001-303 ASA001-303(Deep Creek, 1953)
ASA001-304 ASA001-304
ASA001-305 Image not available.


BLACK STAR CANYON (ORANGE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), MARCH 1954
6 negatives:  ASA001-306 – 311
Box 1
Photographs of bedrock mortars (?) and of Gordon Redtfeldt working at the dig.  ASA worked the site in 1954 and 1964 (Redtfeldt, 1965; Steele, 1982).  The site was worked previously by the Work Projects Administration, then the University of Southern California; collections went to the Museum of American Indians, Heye Foundation (Washington), and Bowers Museum (Santa Ana); some material went to the ASA Laboratory (Steele, 1982).
    
ASA001-306 ASA001-306(Black Star Canyon, 1954)
ASA001-307 ASA001-307
ASA001-308 ASA001-308
ASA001-309 ASA001-309
ASA001-310 ASA001-310
ASA001-311 ASA001-311


DOWNEY SITE (LOS ANGELES COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), JULY 31, 1953
6 negatives:  ASA001-312 – 317
Box 1.  Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-317
Mrs. Howe and others working at the ASA archaeological dig in the back yard of Dr. Taylor in Downey, California.  The site was called tentatively the “Downey Site.”
   
ASA001-312 ASA001-312(Downey Site, 1953)
ASA001-313 ASA001-313
ASA001-314 ASA001-314
ASA001-315 ASA001-315
ASA001-316 ASA001-316
ASA001-317 Image not available.


TEMECULA (RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1952
22 negatives:  ASA001-318 – 339
Box 1.  Box 6:  3 degraded negatives ASA001-327, 335, 339

Smithsonian requested ASA to excavate the area to be flooded by a dam; project led by B. E. McCown (McCown, 1955).

The photograph of a group of people taking a meal break (ASA001-324) was published in ASA Bulletin (Blast from the past, 1991).

Series contains the following items:

ASA001-318 – 322 copies of prints made for McCown of pictures of a man, dog, hut, floor plan, and an Indian woman weaving a basket (ASA001-318, 319, 321, 322 are undated but Howe filed and numbered them within this 1952 sequence).
ASA001-318 ASA001-318(Temecula, 1952)
ASA001-319 ASA001-319
ASA001-320 ASA001-320
ASA001-321 ASA001-321(Temecula)
ASA001-322 ASA001-322

ASA001-323 – 329 a large group of people taking a meal break in the shade of trees.
ASA001-323 ASA001-323
ASA001-324 ASA001-324
ASA001-325 ASA001-325
ASA001-326 ASA001-326
ASA001-327 Image not available.
ASA001-328 ASA001-328
ASA001-329 ASA001-329

ASA001-330 – 339 people working at dig site; detailed photographs of dig site show labels that indicate several fireplaces and post-holes;  Ben McCown (face not visible) with a gopher snake.
ASA001-330 ASA001-330(Temecula)
ASA001-331 ASA001-331
ASA001-332 ASA001-332
ASA001-333 ASA001-333
ASA001-334 ASA001-334
ASA001-335 Image not available.
ASA001-336 ASA001-336
ASA001-337 ASA001-337
ASA001-338 ASA001-338
ASA001-339 Image not available.


WILLOW SPRINGS, NEAR GEM HILL (KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), NOVEMBER 28-29, 1953
17 negatives:  ASA001-340 – 356
Box 1.  Box 6:  9 degraded negatives ASA001-340, 343, 344, 346 – 348, 350, 352, 353

Twenty-six ASA members surveyed and worked this site on November 28-29, 1953.  The site covered five square miles and had camps, mortar holes, cairns, and pictographs (Price, 1954/1984b).  Photographs of landscapes, pictographs, and general views of the site include:

ASA001-340  Image not available.
 
        ASA001-341 – 342 group of pictographs.
ASA001-341 ASA001-341 ("Willow Springs near Gem Hill", November 28-29, 1953, AKA Tyler Horse)
ASA001-342 ASA001-342

ASA001-343 Image not available.
ASA001-344 Image not available.
ASA001-345 ASA001-345

        ASA001-346, 348, and 349 people working at the dig.
ASA001-346 Image not available.
ASA001-347 Image not available.
ASA001-348 Image not available.
ASA001-349 ASA001-349(Willow Springs near Gem Hill, 1953)
ASA001-350 Image not available.
ASA001-351 ASA001-351
ASA001-352 Image not available.
ASA001-353 Image not available.
ASA001-354 ASA001-354
ASA001-355 ASA001-355
ASA001-356 ASA001-356


SALTON SEA (CALIFORNIA), MAY 30, 1948
7 negatives:  ASA001-357 – 363
Box 1

B. E. McCown, an engineer, avocational archaeologist, and ASA member, was leader of the long-term project (ASA report to be published in 2000).  Area has travertine rocks, fish traps, and petroglyphs.  Howe (n.d.) references some negatives of “Beach Line: Travertine Point” and “Fish Traps” but the negatives are missing from the collection.  Series contains the following items:

ASA001-357 Obsidian Buttes; Howe (1960) cross-indexed the photograph under the entry “Geological Interest.”
ASA001-357 ASA001-357(Salton Sea, Obsidian Buttes, 1948)

ASA001-358 – 359 Cliff’s family at Frink Spring and Betty Alice (no last name given) at one of the lower pools.
ASA001-358 ASA001-358(Frink Spring, Salton Sea, 1948)
ASA001-359 ASA001-359

ASA001-360 – 361 mud pots.
ASA001-360 ASA001-360(Mud pots  near Salton Sea, 1948)
ASA001-361 ASA001-361      

        ASA001-362 – 363 Mullet Island and Canal Road.
ASA001-362 ASA001-362(Mullet Island near Salton Sea, 1948)
ASA001-363 ASA001-363(Canal Road, Salton Sea, 1948)

BLACK CANYON AND INSCRIPTION CANYON (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1949-1968 AND UNDATED (BULK DATES 1949-1958)
338 negatives:  ASA001-364 – 701
Box 2.  Box 6:  26 degraded negatives ASA001-408, 412, 427, 431, 434, 435, 436, 442, 443, 453, 468, 469, 471, 472, 473, 475, 512, 514, 515, 516, 532, 553, 556, 561, 626, 670
Twenty-seven sub-series in chronological order

Howe led many ASA trips to Black Canyon and Inscription Canyon, a small arroyo at the north end of Black Canyon (Pederson, 1956/1984; Howe, 1980).  He found the bird petroglyph that ASA adopted as its logo; the bird is about 20 feet above the road and has a wing-span of over two feet (Pederson, 1953/1983).  The petroglyph is unique in the area although a similar bird petroglyph occurs 120 miles away (Haenszel, 1972/n.d.).  In 1953, the ASA posted a sign, “This is Black Canyon,” telling visitors about the canyon and asking them to “live in peace with this extraordinary place” (ASA, 1953/1984).

Charles LaMonk donated several of his reproductions of petroglyphs in Inscription Canyon to ASA (ASA LaMonk Nos. 9, 10, 14, 35, 38, 40, 69, 77 prepared in 1954 and ASA LaMonk no. 46 prepared in 1964).

Photographs include some taken in Inscription Canyon.  This collection has no photographs of the ASA trip in June 1966 to attempt to repair damage by vandals (Howe, 1966).

Black Canyon, 1949
23 negatives:  ASA001-364 – 386
First time here with Art Robbins who guided me to the site” (Howe, original enclosure).  Robbins, Deputy Sheriff, owned ranch on Harper’s Lake District Road (ASA, 1953/n.d.).
 
ASA001-364 ASA001-364(Black Canyon. 1949-1968)
ASA001-365 ASA001-365
ASA001-366 ASA001-366
ASA001-367 ASA001-367
ASA001-368 ASA001-368
ASA001-369 ASA001-369
ASA001-370 ASA001-370
ASA001-371 ASA001-371
ASA001-372 ASA001-372

ASA001-373 “First time here with Art Robbins who guided me to the site” (Howe, original enclosure).  Robbins, Deputy Sheriff, owned ranch on Harper’s Lake District Road (ASA, 1953/n.d.).
ASA001-373 ASA001-373


Photographs of walls of petroglyphs include:

ASA001-374 wall of petroglyphs photographed with infrared film without a filter.
ASA001-374 ASA001-374       

ASA001-375 ASA001-375
ASA001-376 ASA001-376(Inscription Canyon)
ASA001-377 ASA001-377
 
ASA001-378 wall of petroglyphs.
ASA001-378 ASA001-378       
 
ASA001-379 ASA001-379

ASA001-380 Art Robbins standing beside a wall of petroglyphs that includes a petroglyph of corn symbols superimposed on a sheep figure.  See also:
ASA001-380 ASA001-380
(Art Robbins, Inscription  Canyon, 1949)
 
ASA001-662 a photograph of the same petroglyph taken in 1960.  Whitley considers this geometric and figurative design as one seen in the third stage of a shaman’s altered state (Whitley, 1996).
ASA001-662 ASA001-662       

ASA001-381 ASA001-381
ASA001-382 ASA001-382
      
ASA001-383 – 384 Art Robbins and petroglyph
ASA001-383 ASA001-383
ASA001-384 ASA001-384 (Art Robbins, Black Canyon, 1949)

Black Canyon, 1950
16 negatives:  ASA001-387 – 402
Howe took this trip with Grover Reeder.  ASA001-394 ASA001-394 was published in ASA Bulletin (Blast from the past no. 3).  The group of sheep with a “newborn” lamb (ASA001-389) may be conflation of man and sheep as seen by a shaman during a trance (Whitley, 1996).  It has since been vandalized leaving only one-and-a half of the original ten sheep (Whitley, 1996). 


Petroglyphs and walls of petroglyphs.  Sub-series also includes:
        
        ASA001-387 Joshua tree.
ASA001-387 ASA001-387
      
        ASA001-388 a snake.
ASA001-388 ASA001-388

        ASA001-389 close-up of part of group of sheep with a “newborn lamb.”
ASA001-389 ASA001-389

ASA001-390 ASA001-390
     
        ASA001-391 group of three sheep.
ASA001-391 ASA001-391

ASA001-392 ASA001-392
ASA001-393 ASA001-393

        ASA001-394 Grover Reeder and petroglyphs.
ASA001-394 ASA001-394(Grover Reeder, Black Canyon, 1949)

ASA001-395 ASA001-395
ASA001-396 ASA001-396
ASA001-397 ASA001-397
ASA001-398 ASA001-398(Black Canyon, 1950)
ASA001-399 ASA001-399
ASA001-400 ASA001-400
ASA001-401 ASA001-401(Black Canyon, 1950)
ASA001-402 ASA001-402

Black Canyon, May 1951; some May 16, 1951
16 negatives:  ASA001-403 – 418

Petroglyphs; general views of Black Canyon; views of Inscription Canyon (ASA001-403 – 404, ASA001-409 – 412, and ASA001-414 – 417).
ASA001-403 ASA001-403
ASA001-404 ASA001-404
ASA001-405 ASA001-405
ASA001-406 ASA001-406
ASA001-407 ASA001-407
ASA001-408 Image not available.
ASA001-409 ASA001-409
ASA001-410 ASA001-410
ASA001-411 ASA001-411
ASA001-412 Image not available.
ASA001-413 ASA001-413
ASA001-414 ASA001-414
ASA001-415 ASA001-415

The negatives are well-preserved but have a gray cast rather than sharp black-and-white images.  Sub-series includes:
        
        ASA001-416 Howe’s son Vernon and a jeep.
ASA001-416 ASA001-416

         ASA001-417 petroglyph of a long-bodied big horn sheep.  The photograph was published as Plate 37 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).
         See also: ASA001-605, 643 for photographs of same petroglyph taken in 1958 and 1959.  Petroglyph has since been “unintentionally vandalized” by red paint           used for a rubbing (illustration in Whitley, 1996).
ASA001-417 ASA001-417
        
        ASA001-418 Howe’s son Vernon and an impressive wall of petroglyphs.
ASA001-418 ASA001-418(Howe's son Vernon, Black Canyon, 1951)

Black Canyon, March 25, 1952
6 negatives:  ASA001-419 – 424
 No locations given on any of the original enclosures but Howe classified the negatives within the Black Canyon sequence; the photographs look like Black Canyon.  General views of the canyon.

ASA001-419 ASA001-419
ASA001-420 ASA001-420
ASA001-421 ASA001-421
ASA001-422 ASA001-422
ASA001-423 ASA001-423
ASA001-424 ASA001-424


    Black Canyon, June 1952, some June 10, 1952
    43 negatives:  ASA001-425 – 467
    Sub-series includes the following items:

        ASA001-425 – 441 views of the canyon and the surrounding landscape.
ASA001-425 ASA001-425
ASA001-426 ASA001-426
ASA001-427 Image not available.
ASA001-428 ASA001-428
ASA001-429 ASA001-429
ASA001-430 ASA001-430(Inscription Canyon, 1952)
ASA001-431 Image not available.
ASA001-432 ASA001-432
ASA001-433 ASA001-433(1952)
ASA001-434 Image not available.
ASA001-435 Image not available.
ASA001-436 Image not available.
ASA001-437 ASA001-437
ASA001-438 ASA001-438
ASA001-439 ASA001-439
ASA001-440 ASA001-440
ASA001-441 ASA001-441

       ASA001-442 – 443 a jeep.
ASA001-442 Image not available.
ASA001-443 Image not available.
   
ASA001-444 – 446 bird petroglyph adopted by ASA as the association’s logo.  ASA001-444 is probably the photograph published as Plate 38 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).  ASA001-446 is a good view of the bird petroglyph.  See also: ASA001-470 for a close-up of the same petroglyph taken in 1953.
ASA001-444 ASA001-444
ASA001-445 ASA001-445
ASA001-446 ASA001-446

ASA001-447 ASA001-447
ASA001-448 ASA010-448
ASA001-449 ASA001-449
ASA001-450 ASA001-450
ASA001-451 ASA001-451
ASA001-452 ASA001-452
ASA001-453 Image not available.
ASA001-454 ASA001-454

ASA001-455 – 461 a jeep and petroglyphs; Howe’s son Vernon atop a wall of petroglyphs (ASA001-461).  The photographs were taken with Vernon’s box camera; 2.25x2.25-inch negatives.
ASA001-455 ASA001-455
ASA001-456 ASA001-456
ASA001-457 ASA001-457
ASA001-458 ASA001-458
ASA001-459 ASA001-459
ASA001-460 ASA001-460
ASA001-461 ASA001-461
       
ASA001-462 – 464 black and white mountain taken with Voightlander camera; 2.25x2.25-inch negatives.
ASA001-462 ASA001-462
ASA001-463 ASA001-463
ASA001-464 ASA001-464
       
ASA001-465 cacti.
ASA001-465 ASA001-465
       
ASA001-466 petroglyph of a group of sheep with a “newborn lamb;” 2.25x2.25-inch negative.
ASA001-466 ASA001-466
            
ASA001-467 view of the canyon.
ASA001-467 ASA001-467

    Black Canyon, May 30, 1953, some “1953”
    8 negatives:  ASA001-468 – 475

The photograph of a group of sheep (ASA001-468) was published in ASA Bulletin (Blast from the past no. 4, 1989).

Sub-series contains the following items:

ASA001-468 very degraded negative of the group of sheep with a “newborn lamb” (scheduled for preservation copying in January 2000).  Notation on original enclosure: “sheep – very popular at museum . . . petroglyph has been destroyed and this is the only documentary record.”
ASA001-468 Image not available.

ASA001-469 – 470 close-up of bird petroglyph; ASA001-469 is degraded.  See also: ASA001-446 for a more distant view of the same petroglyph taken in 1952.
ASA001-469 Image not available.
ASA001-470 ASA001-470

ASA001-471 – 473 several interesting petroglyphs but the negatives are degraded.  The caption of Plate 35 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980) states that one of the petroglyphs (ASA001-473) suggests a basket and pestle.  LaMonk donated to ASA his 1954 reproduction of this petroglyph (ASA LaMonk No. 77).  See also:  ASA001-490 is the basket petroglyph.
ASA001-471 Image not available.
ASA001-472 Image not available.
ASA001-473 Image not available.

ASA001-474 Howe included this photograph in his Black Canyon sequence although the image shows Paiute House Rings on the desert pavement beyond Opal Mountain.  The ring is the same one as in ASA001-479.
ASA001-474 ASA001-474

ASA001-475 petroglyphs at upper end of Inscription Canyon; degraded negative.
ASA001-475 Image not available.

    Black Canyon, March 1954
    11 negatives:  ASA001-476 – 486

Photographs of Thelma Crain’s site at Hinkley (San Bernardino County, California).  Views show Opal Mountain in the distance at Milk Spring.  Lithic material was taken to Southwest Museum.  ASA001-478 was published in ASA Bulletin (Blast from the past no. 7, 1989).
        
    Sub-series contains the following items:
    
        ASA001-476, 479 – 485 Paiute house rings near Milk Springs.
ASA001-476 ASA001-476
ASA001-479 ASA001-479
ASA001-480 ASA001-480
ASA001-481 ASA001-481
ASA001-482 ASA001-482
ASA001-483 ASA001-483
ASA001-484 ASA001-484
ASA001-485 ASA001-485
           
        ASA001-477 – 478, 486 people working at dig site.
ASA001-477 ASA001-477
ASA001-478 ASA001-478
ASA001-486 ASA001-486

    Black Canyon, May 8-9, 1954
    3 negatives:  ASA001-487 – 489
Two photographs of ASA members’ vehicles at campsite in Black Canyon and one photograph of petroglyphs.  These photographs are among the first pictures that Howe took with a Recomar camera.
 
ASA001-487 ASA001-487(Head of Inscription Canyon, 1954)
ASA001-488 ASA001-488
ASA001-489 ASA001-489


    Black Canyon, June 1, 1954
    10 negatives:  ASA001-490 – 499

    Sub-series contains the following items:

ASA001-490 petroglyph.  The photograph was published as Plate 35 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980); plate caption states that the petroglyph suggests a basket and pestle.  LaMonk donated to ASA his reproduction of this petroglyph at site SBr-322 (ASA LaMonk No. 77, prepared in 1954).  ASA001-473 is a very degraded negative of a photograph of the same petroglyph taken in 1953.
ASA001-490 ASA001-490
   
ASA001-491 somewhat vandalized petroglyph of the group of sheep with a “newborn lamb.”
ASA001-491 ASA001-491

ASA001-492 – 499 petroglyphs and intaglios.
ASA001-492 ASA001-492
ASA001-493 ASA001-493
ASA001-494 ASA001-494
ASA001-495 ASA001-495
ASA001-496 ASA001-496
ASA001-497 ASA001-497
ASA001-498 ASA001-498
ASA001-499 ASA001-499

    Black Canyon, June 21, 1954
    9 negatives:  ASA001-500 – 508

    Sub-series contains the following items:

        ASA001-500 Joshua tree.
ASA001-500 ASA001-500
    
        ASA001-501 – 504 petroglyphs.  Some in Little Valley.
ASA001-501 ASA001-501
ASA001-502 ASA001-502
ASA001-503 ASA001-503
ASA001-504 ASA001-504

        ASA001-505 – 506 terrace near the well.
ASA001-505 ASA001-505
ASA001-506 ASA001-506

ASA001-507 petroglyph.
ASA001-507 ASA001-507

ASA001-508 historical inscription “1932 Buckeye Joe Colorado Carl Pomona Sept 6.”
ASA001-508 ASA001-508(Black Canyon, 1954)

    Black Canyon, March 26, 1955
    37 negatives:  ASA001-509 – 545

    Sub-series contains the following items:
        
        ASA001-509 – 510 Carol Larson standing on top of jeep.
ASA001-509 ASA001-509(Carol Larson, 1955)
ASA001-510 ASA001-510

ASA001-511 – 522 intaglio on the terrace above the bird petroglyph.  Howe notes on ASA001-511 enclosure:  “maze pattern or intaglio in the black pavement on the terrace above the Bird Glyph.  This, and the following shots were mostly taken with a wide-angle lens.”
ASA001-511 ASA001-511
ASA001-512 Image not available.
ASA001-513 ASA001-513
ASA001-514 Image not available.
ASA001-515 Image not available.
ASA001-516 Image not available.
ASA001-517 ASA001-517
ASA001-518 ASA001-518
ASA001-519 asa001-519
ASA001-520 ASA001-520
ASA001-521 ASA001-521
ASA001-522 ASA001-522

        ASA001-523 ring near pattern in black pavement above bird petroglyph.
ASA001-523 ASA001-523

ASA001-524 – 526 Joshua tree; ASA001-526 published as Plate 6 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).
ASA001-524 ASA001-524
ASA001-525 ASA001-525
ASA001-526 ASA001-526

        ASA001-527 – 529 Inscription Canyon with wide-angle lens.
ASA001-527 ASA001-527(Mouth of Inscription Canyon, (now closed), 1955)
ASA001-528 ASA001-528
ASA001-529 ASA001-529

ASA001-530 – 532 corn petroglyph; ASA001-532 is a very degraded negative.
ASA001-530 ASA001-530( Inscription Canyon, 1955)
ASA001-531 ASA001-531
ASA001-532 Image not available.

ASA001-533 – 537 various petroglyphs; negatives are a little too light.
ASA001-533 ASA001-533
ASA001-534 ASA001-534
ASA001-535 ASA001-535
ASA001-536 ASA001-536
ASA001-537 ASA001-537

ASA001-538 – 540 two people at Dave Rice Cave; undated negatives but Howe filed within this date sequence.
ASA001-538 ASA001-538(Dave Rice Cave, Black Canyon Project)
ASA001-539 ASA001-539
ASA001-540 ASA001-540

ASA001-541 Clyde Price at Price Cave; undated negative but Howe filed within this date sequence.
ASA001-541 ASA001-541(Clyde Price, Black Canyon, 1955)

ASA001-542 – 544 Andy Kastell and Karen (last name unknown) on jeep running-board.
ASA001-542 ASA001-542
ASA001-543 ASA001-543
ASA001-544 ASA001-544

ASA001-545 black and white mountain scenic view “near top end of Black Canyon” (Howe, original enclosure).
ASA001-545 ASA001-545   

    Black Canyon, April 23-24, 1955; some “April 1956”
    16 negatives:  ASA001-546 – 561

    Sub-series contains the following items:

ASA001-546 – 547 ASA hosted the Sierra Club.  Archery exhibit at camp fire.  Photograph of campsite with jeep and cars.
ASA001-546 ASA001-546
ASA001-547 ASA001-547

ASA001-548 – 549 Betty Moore at Price Cave.  Moore was a nurse and ASA member who participated in many excavations.  She often went out alone during the week to dig because she had to work on the weekends when fellow ASA members were out digging.
ASA001-548 ASA001-548(Betty Moore at Price Cave, 1955)
ASA001-549 ASA001-549(Betty Moore at Price Cave, 1955)

ASA001-550 – 552 anvil stone at Price Cave.
ASA001-550 ASA001-550
ASA001-551 ASA001-551
ASA001-552 ASA001-552

ASA001-553 Image not available.

ASA001-554 – 555 petroglyphs; unidentified person in Little Valley.
ASA001-554 ASA001-554
ASA001-555 ASA001-555

ASA001-556 – 560 “a small group of petroglyphs in an isolated place by a small wash, one of which is extremely faint” (Howe, original enclosure for ASA001-556).
ASA001-556 Image not available.
ASA001-557 ASA001-557
ASA001-558 ASA001-558
ASA001-559 ASA001-559
ASA001-560 ASA001-560

ASA001-561 vandalized petroglyph of the group of sheep with a “newborn lamb.”  The negative is very degraded.
ASA001-561 Image not available.

    Black Canyon, 1956
    42 negatives:  ASA001-562 – 603
        
    Black Canyon caves.  Sub-series includes:

ASA001-562 Black Canyon caves including Cave 1 with basket, fibres, and cyst.
ASA001-562 ASA001-562

ASA001-563 ASA001-563
ASA001-564 ASA001-564
ASA001-565 ASA001-565
ASA001-566 ASA001-566
ASA001-567 ASA001-567
ASA001-568 ASA001-568

ASA001-569 person inside Black Canyon cave.
ASA001-569 ASA001-569

ASA001-570 ASA001-570

ASA001-571 fibres in Black Canyon cave.
ASA001-571 ASA001-571

ASA001-572 ASA001-572
ASA001-573 ASA001-573

ASA001-574 two people inside Black Canyon cave.
ASA001-574 ASA001-574

ASA001-575 – 577 people working on dig outside Price Cave.
ASA001-575 ASA001-575("Price Cave," Black Canyon Project, 1956)
ASA001-576 ASA001-576
ASA001-577 ASA001-577

ASA001-578 ASA001-578

ASA001-579 copy of map of Black Canyon area.
ASA001-579 ASA001-579

ASA001-580 – 586 artifacts (tools) from Black Canyon.
ASA001-580 ASA001-580
ASA001-581 ASA001-581
ASA001-582 ASA001-582
ASA001-583 ASA001-583
ASA001-584 ASA001-584
ASA001-585 ASA001-585
ASA001-586 ASA001-586

ASA001-587 – 603  views of Black and Inscription Canyons and of canyon walls and a few petroglyphs.
ASA001-587 ASA001-587
ASA001-588 ASA001-588
ASA001-589 ASA001-589
ASA001-590 ASA001-590
ASA001-591 ASA001-591
ASA001-592 ASA001-592(Inscription Canyon, 1958)
ASA001-593 ASA001-593
ASA001-594 ASA001-594
ASA001-595 ASA001-595
ASA001-596 ASA001-596
ASA001-597 ASA001-597
ASA001-598 ASA001-598
ASA001-599 ASA001-599
ASA001-600 ASA001-600
ASA001-601 ASA001-601
ASA001-602 ASA001-602
ASA001-603 ASA001-603

    Black Canyon, January 4, 1958
    32 negatives:  ASA001-604 – 635

    Sub-series contains the following items:

ASA001-604 vandalized petroglyph of a group of sheep with a “newborn lamb.”  “Series of petroglyphs at lower end of Canyon showing vandalism.  One sheep is gone from lower right” (Howe, ASA001-604 enclosure).
ASA001-604 ASA001-604

ASA001-605 petroglyph of a long-bodied big horn sheep; Howe published a different photograph of this petroglyph (ASA001-417 taken in 1951) as Plate 37 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).  See also:  ASA001-643.
ASA001-605 ASA001-605

ASA001-606 – 607 camp at Scout Cove; a miner’s dugout excavated in volcanic tuff in 1910 by American Opal Company.  The company extracted common opal in the area but Tiffany and Company did not find the fire opal that they wanted (Howe, 1980).  Photographs published as Plates 7A and 7B in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).
ASA001-606 ASA001-606
ASA001-607 ASA001-607

ASA001-608 – 621 photographs include some interesting petroglyphs.
ASA001-608 ASA001-608
ASA001-609 ASA001-609
ASA001-610 ASA001-610
ASA001-611 ASA001-611
ASA001-612 ASA001-612
ASA001-613 ASA001-613
ASA001-614 ASA001-614
ASA001-615 ASA001-615
ASA001-616 ASA001-616
ASA001-617 ASA001-617
ASA001-618 ASA001-618
ASA001-619 ASA001-619
ASA001-620 ASA001-620
ASA001-621 ASA001-621

        ASA001-622 black and white mountain scenic view.
ASA001-622 ASA001-623

ASA001-623 – 635 interesting petroglyphs, intaglios (ASA001-626), and walls of petroglyphs, including large sheep and concentric circles.  ASA001-629 was published as Plate 29 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).  The plate caption reads “weathered petroglyphs – may be oldest recorded in Inscription Canyon.”  ASA001-628 is a clear photograph of the same petroglyphs.
ASA001-623 ASA001-623
ASA001-624 ASA001-624
ASA001-625 ASA001-625
ASA001-626 Image not available.
ASA001-627 ASA001-627
ASA001-628 ASA001-628(Inscription Canyon, 1958)
ASA001-629 ASA001-629
ASA001-630 ASA001-630
ASA001-631 ASA001-631
ASA001-632 ASA001-632
ASA001-633 ASA001-633
ASA001-634 ASA001-634
ASA001-635 ASA001-635

    Black Canyon, March 16, 1958
    6 negatives:  ASA001-636 – 641
Photographs of members of the Sierra Club, Charles LaMonk, and petroglyphs.  Two photographs show LaMonk holding one of his reproductions with the original petroglyph on the canyon wall behind him (ASA001-636 – 637).  The reproduction that LaMonk is holding is not in the ASA LaMonk collection.

ASA001-636 ASA001-636
ASA001-637 ASA001-637
ASA001-638 ASA001-638
ASA001-639 ASA001-639
ASA001-640 ASA001-640
ASA001-641 ASA001-641(Sierra Club at Inscription Canyon, 1958)


    Black Canyon, 1959
    2 negatives:  ASA001-642 – 643
People working at dig site; petroglyph of long-bodied big horn sheep that seems to be disappearing beneath lichens.  See:  photographs of same petroglyph taken in 1951 and 1958 (ASA001-417 and 605).
 
ASA001-642 ASA001-642
ASA001-643 ASA001-643


    Black Canyon, February 1960
    1 negative:  ASA001-644
View of black and white mountain taken with infrared film with #25A filter.
 
ASA001-644 ASA001-644


    Black Canyon, March 1960
    1 negative:  ASA001-645
View of black and white mountain taken with infrared film with #25A filter.

ASA001-645 ASA001-645


    Black Canyon, April 1960
    15 negatives:  ASA001-646 – 670

Petroglyphs and scenes of trash and vandalism in the canyon.  Sub-series contains the following items:

        ASA001-646 – 648 petroglyphs.
ASA001-646 ASA001-646(Black Canyon, 1960)

ASA001-647 ASA001-647
ASA001-648 ASA001-648

ASA001-649, ASA001-651 – 655 vandalized petroglyph of a group of sheep with a “newborn lamb.”
ASA001-649 ASA001-649
ASA001-651 ASA001-651
ASA001-652 ASA001-652
ASA001-653 ASA001-653
ASA001-654 ASA001-654
ASA001-655 ASA001-655

ASA001-650, ASA001-656 – 657 trash in Black Canyon.
ASA001-650 ASA001-650
ASA001-656 ASA001-656
ASA001-657 ASA001-657

ASA001-658 photograph published as Plate 36 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980); it is a “unique petroglyph element” (plate caption).
ASA001-658 ASA001-658

ASA001-659 Joshua tree.
ASA001-659 ASA001-659

        ASA001-660 petroglyph.
ASA001-660 ASA001-660
    
        ASA001-661 a gopher snake in Inscription Canyon.
ASA001-661 ASA001-661
        
ASA001-662 petroglyph of corn symbols superimposed on a sheep.  Photograph was published as Plate 39 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).  See also:  ASA001-380 is same petroglyph in 1949.
ASA001-662 ASA001-662
        
        ASA001-663 – 670 petroglyphs and canyon views.
ASA001-663 ASA001-663
ASA001-664 ASA001-664
ASA001-665 ASA001-665
ASA001-666 ASA001-666
ASA001-667 ASA001-667
ASA001-668 ASA001-668
ASA001-669 ASA001-669
ASA001-670 Image not available.

    Black Canyon, May 1960
    2 negatives:  ASA001-671 – 672
 Various geometric and atlatl-like petroglyphs.
 
ASA001-671 ASA001-671
ASA001-672 ASA001-672
       
  
    Black Canyon, November 19, 1960
    3 negatives:  ASA001-673 – 675
  Petroglyphs photographed on Inscription Canyon trip “taken with Gruber.”  2.25x3.25-inch negatives.

ASA001-673 ASA001-673
ASA001-674 ASA001-674
ASA001-675 ASA001-675


    Black Canyon, February 1961
    4 negatives:  ASA001-676 – 679
  Campsite and people working at dig site.  2.25x3.25-inch negatives.

ASA001-676 ASA001-676(Black Canyon, 1961)
ASA001-677 ASA001-677
ASA001-678 ASA001-678
ASA001-679 ASA001-679
   
   
    Black Canyon, March 1961
    6 negatives:  ASA001-680 – 685
Person resting near a cave; canyon view; petroglyphs.

ASA001-680 ASA001-680
ASA001-681 ASA001-681
ASA001-682 ASA001-682
ASA001-683 ASA001-683
ASA001-684 ASA001-684
ASA001-685 ASA001-685
   
   
    Black Canyon, January 1962
    1 negative:  ASA001-686
Vandalized petroglyph of a group of sheep with a “newborn lamb” (copy from 35 mm color slide).

ASA001-686 ASA001-686


    Black Canyon, 1964
    3 negatives:  ASA001-687 – 689
Landscapes; vandalized petroglyph of a group of sheep with a “newborn lamb.”

ASA001-687 ASA001-687
ASA001-688 ASA001-688
ASA001-689 ASA001-689


    Black Canyon, 1968
    6 negatives:  ASA001-690 – 695
Geometric petroglyphs.  ASAS001-690 “taken at night with only a flashlight for illumination.  Exposure F8 at 15 sec. to 2 min.” (Howe, original enclosure).

ASA001-690 ASA001-690
ASA001-691 ASA001-691
ASA001-692 ASA001-692
ASA001-693 ASA001-693
ASA001-694 ASA001-694
ASA001-695 ASA001-695


    Black Canyon, undated
    6 negatives:  ASA001-696 – 701

    Sub-series contains the following items:
    
ASA001-696 historical inscription “July 1 1984, A. Tillman, S.F.”  Photograph was published as Plate 8B in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).
ASA001-696 ASA001-696(Black Canyon, ca. 1968)

ASA001-697 and 699 bird petroglyph that was adopted as ASA logo; ASA001-697 was probably enlarged and published as Plate 38 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).
ASA001-697 ASA001-699
ASA001-699 ASA001-699

ASA001-698 “space ship” petroglyph (Howe, original enclosure).
ASA001-698 ASA001-698

ASA001-700 basket from Black Canyon Cave 1.
ASA001-700 ASA001-700(Black Canyon Cave)

ASA001-701 Charles LaMonk at work in Black Canyon; photograph was published as Plate 30 in A prehistory of Black Canyon (Howe, 1980).
ASA001-701 ASA001-701
    
YUMA SAND DUNES (CALIFORNIA), MAY 1951
2 negatives:  ASA001-702 – 703
Box 3
Tracks of small desert animals in the sand.  See also:  Yuma sand dunes, April 1951:  ASA001-1 – 3.

ASA001-702 ASA001-702
ASA001-703 ASA001-703


IRVINE RANCH (ORANGE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), UNDATED
8 negatives:  ASA001-704 – 711
Box 3
Ben McCown with a gopher snake.

ASA001-704 ASA001-704
ASA001-705 ASA001-705
ASA001-706 ASA001-706
ASA001-707 ASA001-707
ASA001-708 ASA001-708
ASA001-709 ASA001-709
ASA001-710 ASA001-710
ASA001-711 ASA001-711


SNAKE PIT AT VINCENT, NEAR PALMDALE (CALIFORNIA), UNDATED
1 negative:  ASA001-712
Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-712
Many snakes in a snake pit; negative is very degraded.

ASA001-712 Image not available.


ZION NATIONAL PARK (UTAH), UNDATED
1 negative:  ASA001-713
Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-713
Petroglyphs; negative is very degraded.

ASA001-713 Image not available.


COYOTE GULCH (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), APRIL 24-25, 1954
18 negatives:  ASA001-714 – 731
Box 3.  Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-731

Site discovered by Betty Moore in March 1951; ASA assisted with the Southwest Museum excavation directed by Ruth DeEtte Simpson (Simpson, 1961).  

Photographs of various geometric petroglyphs; designs include linear, curved, rake-like, and lines within borders of various shapes.  The group of petroglyphs in ASA001-714 and ASA001-716 is shown on Plate 12A of Coyote Gulch (Simpson, 1961).

ASA001-714 ASA001-714(Coyote Gulch, 1954)
ASA001-715 ASA001-715
ASA001-716 ASA001-716
ASA001-717 ASA001-717
ASA001-718 ASA001-718
ASA001-719 ASA001-719
ASA001-720 ASA001-720
ASA001-721 ASA001-721
ASA001-722 ASA001-722
ASA001-723 ASA001-723
ASA001-724 ASA001-724
ASA001-725 ASA001-725
ASA001-726 ASA001-726
ASA001-727 ASA001-727
ASA001-728 ASA001-728
ASA001-729 ASA001-729
ASA001-730 ASA001-730
ASA001-731 No image available.



ROCK SPRINGS (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), MARCH 1, 1958
13 negatives:  ASA001-732 – 744
Box 3

People working at ASA archaeological dig; close-ups of the power shaker that Howe and Clyde Price designed and constructed (Howe, 1977c; see also:  ASA001-1610 for details about the construction of the shaker).

ASA001-732 ASA001-732(Rock Springs, 1958)
ASA001-733 ASA001-733
ASA001-734 ASA001-734
ASA001-735 ASA001-735
ASA001-736 ASA001-736
ASA001-737 ASA001-737
ASA001-738 ASA001-738
ASA001-739 ASA001-739
ASA001-740 ASA001-740
ASA001-741 ASA001-741
ASA001-742 ASA001-742
ASA001-743 ASA001-743
ASA001-744 ASA001-744


RODMAN MOUNTAINS (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1955-1964 (BULK 1955-1957)
127 negatives:  ASA001-745 – 871
Box 3.  Box 6:  16 degraded negatives ASA001-775, 783, 794, 802, 805, 813, 830,
831, 838, 839, 840, 841, 846, 847, 861, 863
Six sub-series as numbered by Howe (chronological but March 1955 photographs in two series; the second follows February 1956 series)

Rodman Mountains, March 19-20, 1955
46 negatives:  ASA001-745 – 790
A wide variety of petroglyphs and canyon walls full of petroglyphs.  See also:  ASA001-846 – 854 for additional photographs taken on March 20, 1955

ASA001-745 ASA001-745(Rodman Mountains, Surprise Tank, 1955-1957)
ASA001-746 ASA001-746
ASA001-747 ASA001-747
ASA001-748 ASA001-748
ASA001-749 ASA001-749
ASA001-750 ASA001-750
ASA001-751 ASA001-751
ASA001-752 ASA001-752
ASA001-753 ASA001-753
ASA001-754 ASA001-754
ASA001-755 ASA001-755
ASA001-756 ASA001-756
ASA001-757 ASA001-757 (Needs redigitization.)
ASA001-758 ASA001-758
ASA001-759 ASA001-759
ASA001-760 ASA001-760(Surprise Tank, Rodman Mountains, ca. 1955)
ASA001-761 ASA001-761
ASA001-762 ASA001-762
ASA001-763 ASA001-763
ASA001-764 ASA001-764
ASA001-765 ASA001-765
ASA001-766 ASA001-766
ASA001-767 ASA001-767
ASA001-768 ASA001-768
ASA001-769 ASA001-769
ASA001-770 ASA001-770
ASA001-771 ASA001-771
ASA001-772 ASA001-772
ASA001-773 ASA001-773
ASA001-774 ASA001-774
ASA001-775 No image available.
ASA001-776 ASA001-776
ASA001-777 ASA001-777
ASA001-778 ASA001-778
ASA001-779 ASA001-779
ASA001-780 ASA001-780
ASA001-781 ASA001-781
ASA001-782 ASA001-782
ASA001-783 No image available.
ASA001-784 ASA001-784
ASA001-785 ASA001-785
ASA001-786 ASA001-786
ASA001-787 ASA001-787
ASA001-788 ASA001-788
ASA001-789 ASA001-789
ASA001-790 ASA001-790

Rodman Mountains, November 19-20, 1955
24 negatives:  ASA001-791 – 814
A few petroglyphs including one in a rake-like design; general views of surrounding area, canyon walls, cleared areas, and campsite

ASA001-791 ASA001-791 
ASA001-792 ASA001-792
ASA001-793 ASA001-793
ASA001-794 No image available.
ASA001-795 ASA001-795 (Deep Tank, 1955)
ASA001-796 ASA001-796
ASA001-797 ASA001-797
ASA001-798 ASA001-798
ASA001-799 ASA001-799
ASA001-800 ASA001-800
ASA001-801 ASA001-801
ASA001-802 No image available.
ASA001-803 ASA001-803("Deep Tank" with water, 1955)
ASA001-804 ASA001-804
ASA001-805 No image available.
ASA001-806 ASA001-806
ASA001-807 ASA001-807
ASA001-808 ASA001-808
ASA001-809 ASA001-809
ASA001-810 ASA001-810
ASA001-811 ASA001-811
ASA001-812 ASA001-812
ASA001-813 No image available.
ASA001-814 ASA001-814


Rodman Mountains, February 1956
31 negatives:  ASA001-815 – 845
Various petroglyphs with rake-like, anthropomorphic, diamond-grid, snake-like, and sunray designs; general views of surrounding area.

ASA001-815 ASA001-815
ASA001-816 ASA001-816
ASA001-817 ASA001-817
ASA001-818 ASA001-818
ASA001-819 ASA001-819
ASA001-820 ASA001-820
ASA001-821 ASA001-821
ASA001-822 ASA001-822
ASA001-823 ASA001-823
ASA001-824 ASA001-824
ASA001-825 ASA001-825
ASA001-826 ASA001-826
ASA001-827 ASA001-827
ASA001-828 ASA001-828
ASA001-829 ASA001-829
ASA001-830 No image available.
ASA001-831 No image available.
ASA001-832 ASA001-832
ASA001-833 ASA001-833
ASA001-834 ASA001-834
ASA001-835 ASA001-835
ASA001-836 ASA001-836
ASA001-837 ASA001-837
ASA001-838 No image available.
ASA001-839 No image available.
ASA001-840 No image available.
ASA001-841 No image available.
ASA001-842 ASA001-842
ASA001-843 ASA001-843
ASA001-844 ASA001-844
ASA001-845 ASA001-845


    Rodman Mountains, March 20, 1955
    9 negatives:  ASA001-846 – 854
Petroglyphs with geometric, snake-like, and atlatl-like designs.  See also:  ASA001-745 – 790 for additional photographs taken on March 20, 1955.
   
ASA001-846 No image available.
ASA001-847 No image available.
ASA001-848 ASA001-848
ASA001-849 ASA001-849
ASA001-850 ASA001-850
ASA001-851 ASA001-851
ASA001-852 ASA001-852
ASA001-853 ASA001-853
ASA001-854 ASA001-854

   
Rodman Mountains, April 13-14, 1957
15 negatives:  ASA001-855 – 869

Views of campsite, and petroglyphs including an anthropomorphic-geometric one with rake-like “feet.”  Sub-series also includes the following:

ASA001-855 Verna Howe and Andy Kastell near campfire with a coffee-pot (?) on the grate.
ASA001-855 ASA001-855

ASA001-856 ASA001-856(Rodman Mountains camp, 1957)
ASA001-857 ASA001-857
ASA001-858 ASA001-858
ASA001-859 ASA001-859(Surprise Tank, 1957)

ASA001-860 – 869 four series of negatives of photographs of petroglyphs on boulders that represent “an experiment in ‘before & after’ photography to determine if it is desirable or practical – ‘or ethical’ – to chalk petroglyphs” (Howe, n.d.).
ASA001-860 ASA001-860("Chalking Experiment", Rodman Mountains, 1957)
ASA001-861 No image available.
ASA001-862 ASA001-862
ASA001-863 No image available.
ASA001-864 ASA001-864(Chalked)
ASA001-865 ASA001-865
ASA001-866 ASA001-866("Chalking Experiment", 1957)
ASA001-867 ASA001-867
ASA001-868 ASA001-868
ASA001-869 ASA001-869

Rodman Mountains, 1964
2 negatives:  ASA001-870 – 871
Petroglyphs with multicellular, ray, and rake-like designs; wall with variety of petroglyphs.  2.25x2.25-inch negatives

ASA001-870 ASA001-870
ASA001-871 ASA001-871

   
CHINA LAKE NAVAL AIR WEAPONS STATION (CALIFORNIA), 1956-1965 (BULK 1956-1957)
92 negatives:  ASA001-872 – 963
Box 3.  Box 6:  20 degraded negatives ASA001-872, 873, 874, 878, 879, 880, 881, 882, 884, 886, 891, 892, 893, 894, 896, 897, 909, 918, 929, 947
Three sub-series in chronological order

Outstanding petroglyphs and photographs.  A dry lake area (Howe, n.d.).  Prior names of Naval Air Weapons Station that are referenced in some ASA publications are Naval Ordnance Test Station (NOTS) and Naval Weapons Center (NWC).

This collection has no photographs of the China Lake portion of May 19-20, 1968, trip organized by Howe (see Fossil Falls ASA001-1551 – 1560).

    China Lake, 1956
    26 negatives:  ASA001-872 – 897

ASA001-872 No image available.
ASA001-873 No image available.
ASA001-874 No image available.
ASA001-875 ASA001-875(China Lake, 1956)

Petroglyphs; many negatives are very degraded.  Sub-series includes:

    ASA001-876 petroglyph of a very long-bodied animal.
ASA001-876 ASA001-876

    ASA001-877 petroglyphs of two sheep.
ASA001-877 ASA001-877(Big Petroglyph Canyon, 1956)

ASA001-878 No image available.
ASA001-879 No image available.
ASA001-880 No image available.
ASA001-881 No image available.
ASA001-882 No image available.
ASA001-883 ASA001-883
ASA001-884 No image available.

ASA001-885 petroglyphs of four sheep with boat-shaped bodies.
ASA001-885 ASA001-885

ASA001-886 – 887 petroglyphs of two enormous (mural-sized) sheep.  A person standing in ASA001-886 is effective in showing the scale of the petroglyphs but the negative is very degraded.
ASA001-886 No image available.
ASA001-887 ASA001-887

ASA001-888 ASA001-888
ASA001-889 ASA001-889

    ASA001-890 person sitting near petroglyphs and adjusting camera.
ASA001-890 ASA001-890

ASA001-891 No image available.
ASA001-892 No image available.
ASA001-893 No image available.
ASA001-894 No image available.
ASA001-895 ASA001-895
ASA001-896 No image available.
ASA001-897 No image available.

    China Lake, May 11, 1957
    55 negatives:  ASA001-898 – 952

    Immense variety of petroglyphs.  Sub-series includes:

ASA001-898 ASA001-898
ASA001-899 ASA001-899
ASA001-900 ASA001-900
ASA001-901 ASA001-901
ASA001-902 ASA001-902

        ASA001-903 person sitting on a boulder covered with petroglyphs.
ASA001-903 ASA001-903

ASA001-904 ASA001-904
ASA001-905 ASA001-905
ASA001-906 ASA001-906
ASA001-907 ASA001-907
ASA001-908 ASA001-908
ASA001-909 No image available.
ASA001-910 ASA001-910
ASA001-911 ASA001-911
ASA001-912 ASA001-912
ASA001-913 ASA001-913
ASA001-914 ASA001-914
ASA001-915 ASA001-915
ASA001-916 ASA001-916
ASA001-917 ASA001-917

ASA001-918 petroglyph of four sheep with boat-shaped bodies, very short horns, and very long legs.  The degraded negative is scheduled for preservation copying in January 2000.


ASA001-918 No image available.

ASA001-919 ASA001-919
ASA001-920 ASA001-920
ASA001-921 ASA001-921
ASA001-922 ASA001-922
ASA001-923 ASA001-923
ASA001-924 ASA001-924
ASA001-925 ASA001-925
ASA001-926 ASA001-926
ASA001-927 ASA001-927

        ASA001-928 petroglyph of a long-bodied animal.
ASA001-928 ASA001-928

ASA001-929 No image available.
ASA001-930 ASA001-930
ASA001-931 ASA001-931
ASA001-932 ASA001-932
ASA001-933 ASA001-933
ASA001-934 ASA001-934
ASA001-935 ASA001-935
ASA001-936 ASA001-936
ASA001-937 ASA001-937
ASA001-938 ASA001-938
ASA001-939 ASA001-939
ASA001-940 ASA001-940
ASA001-941 ASA001-941
ASA001-942 ASA001-942
ASA001-943 ASA001-943
ASA001-944 ASA001-944
ASA001-945 ASA001-945
ASA001-946 ASA001-946
ASA001-947 No image available.
ASA001-948 ASA001-948
ASA001-949 ASA001-949
ASA001-950 ASA001-950

ASA001-951 petroglyph of an animal with a very long body, short ears or horns, a very long tail, and feet like round balls.
ASA001-951 ASA001-951

ASA001-952 ASA001-952

    China Lake, 1965
    11 negatives:  ASA001-953 – 963 
Little Petroglyph Canyon, China Lake.  Sixty-two ASA members and guests went on this trip on May 9, 1965 (Layton, 1965; Redtfeldt, 1965/1984a).

Photographs of many outstanding petroglyphs of sheep, anthropomorphic figures, and geometric designs.

ASA001-953 ASA001-953(Little Petroglyph Canyon, 1965)
ASA001-954 ASA001-954
ASA001-955 ASA001-955
ASA001-956 ASA001-956
ASA001-957 ASA001-957
ASA001-958 ASA001-958
ASA001-959 ASA001-959 (Redigitizing)
ASA001-960 ASA001-960
ASA001-961 ASA001-961
ASA001-962 ASA001-962
ASA001-963 ASA001-963


    
LEACH LAKE (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), JANUARY 25, 1955
7 negatives:  ASA001-964 – 970
Box 3
A dry lake site (Howe, n.d.).  Photographs of two metates found under a bush; landscape; and flakes weathering out of the dunes (ASA001-967 – 968).
   
ASA001-964 ASA001-964(Leach Lake, 1955)
ASA001-965 ASA001-965
ASA001-966 ASA001-966
ASA001-967 ASA001-967
ASA001-968 ASA001-968
ASA001-969 ASA001-969
ASA001-970 ASA001-970

 

DEVIL’S POST PILE (CALIFORNIA), MAY 28-30, 1955
7 negatives:  ASA001-971 – 977
Box 3
Views of Devil’s Post Pile and nearby river.  Howe (1960) cross-indexed the photographs under the entry “Geological Interest.”

ASA001-971 ASA001-971(Devil's Post Pile, 1955)
ASA001-972 ASA001-972
ASA001-973 ASA001-973
ASA001-974 ASA001-974
ASA001-975 ASA001-975
ASA001-976 ASA001-976
ASA001-977 ASA001-977



PROVIDENCE MOUNTAINS (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1954-1955
34 negatives:  ASA001-978 – 1011
Box 3.  Box 6:  10 degraded negatives ASA001-982, 985, 986, 987, 988, 1001, 1003, 1004, 1007, 1008
Two sub-series in chronological order

Howe was the leader and official photographer of a survey trip to a shallow cave and four-room cave in Providence Mountains on March 11-12, 1961 (Miller, R., 1968).  However, there are no photographs of that trip in this collection.  

    Providence Mountains, 1954
    21 negatives:  ASA001-978 – 998

ASA001-978 ASA001-978(Providence Mountains, 1954-1955)
ASA001-979 ASA001-979
ASA001-980 ASA001-980
ASA001-981 ASA001-981
ASA001-982 No image available.
ASA001-983 ASA001-983
ASA001-984 ASA001-984
ASA001-985 No image available.
ASA001-986 No image available.

Howe’s first trip in with Archie French who discovered these caves.  Views of the caves and of a jeep campsite.  Sub-series includes:
    
        ASA001-987 – 988 a tarantula.
ASA001-987 No image available.
ASA001-988 No image available.

ASA001-989 – 992  Archie French at a cave entrance; French is holding some arrow shafts in ASA001-989.
ASA001-989 ASA001-989
ASA001-990 ASA001-990
ASA001-991 ASA001-991
ASA001-992 ASA001-992

ASA001-993 – 996 basket fragments.
ASA001-993 ASA001-993
ASA001-994 ASA001-994(Providence Mountain Cave, 1954)
ASA001-995 ASA001-995
ASA001-996 ASA001-996
 
ASA001-997 – 998 entrance to a cave showing a forked spirit witch stick still in place.  Howe (1960) indexed the photograph under the entry “Odds & Ends.”  Cowper (1975/1984) tells of a witch stick that Howe found in another location, Garnet Wash, on February 29, 1959.
ASA001-997 ASA001-997
ASA001-998 ASA001-998
   
    Providence Mountains, January 23-24, 1955
    13 negatives:  ASA001-999 – 1011
    
    Sub-series contains the following items:

        ASA001-999 – 1000 Cave no. 5.
ASA001-999 ASA001-999
ASA001-1000 ASA001-1000(Providence Mountains Cave, Clyde Price, Betty Moore, 1955)

ASA001-1001 Cave no. 5 with Betty Moore and Clyde Price.
ASA001-1001 No image available.

        ASA001-1002 Cave no. 5 with Charles Dirks.
ASA001-1002 ASA001-1002(Charles Dirks, 1955)

        ASA001-1003 – 1008 Cave no. 5.
ASA001-1003 No image available.
ASA001-1004 No image available.
ASA001-1005 ASA001-1005
ASA001-1006 ASA001-1006
ASA001-1007 No image available.
ASA001-1008 No image available.
     
        ASA001-1009 group around a campfire.
ASA001-1009 ASA001-1009
        
        ASA001-1010 – 1011 snow and Joshua trees near Cima.
ASA001-1010 ASA001-1010(Cima in the snow, 1955)
ASA001-1011 ASA001-1011


PHILLIPS RANCH, NEAR WILLOW SPRINGS (KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1954-1955
75 negatives:  ASA001-1012 – 1086
Box 3.  Box 6:  13 degraded negatives ASA001-1027, 1031, 1042, 1043, 1048, 1049, 1050, 1058, 1059, 1060, 1061, 1062, 1078
Four sub-series in chronological order

Site near Tehachapi Pass with petroglyphs, more than 20 house rings, bedrock mortars, and a monolith with a cave containing pictographs (Price, 1954/1984a).

    Phillips Ranch, 1954
    25 negatives:  ASA001-1012 – 1036
People working at excavation; LaMonk preparing a pictograph reproduction in cave (ASA001-1025 – 1026); an isolated group of petroglyphs (ASA001-1036).

ASA001-1012 ASA001-1012(Phillips Ranch, Tehachapi, 1954)
ASA001-1013 ASA001-1013
ASA001-1014 ASA001-1014
ASA001-1015 ASA001-1015
ASA001-1016 ASA001-1016
ASA001-1017 ASA001-1017
ASA001-1018 ASA001-1018
ASA001-1019 ASA001-1019
ASA001-1020 ASA001-1020
ASA001-1021 ASA001-1021
ASA001-1022 ASA001-1022
ASA001-1023 ASA001-1023
ASA001-1024 ASA001-1024
ASA001-1025 ASA001-1025(Charles LaMonk at work at Phillips Ranch, 1954)
ASA001-1026 ASA001-1026
ASA001-1027 No image available.
ASA001-1028 ASA001-1028
ASA001-1029 ASA001-1029(Phillips Ranch, 1954)
ASA001-1030 ASA001-1030
ASA001-1031 No image available.
ASA001-1032 ASA001-1032
ASA001-1033 ASA001-1033
ASA001-1034 ASA001-1034
ASA001-1035 ASA001-1035
ASA001-1036 ASA001-1036


    Phillips Ranch, June 1955
    5 negatives:  ASA001-1037 – 1041
Campsite; people working at the dig; artifacts (ASA001-1039 – 1041).

ASA001-1037 ASA001-1037
ASA001-1038 ASA001-1038
ASA001-1039 ASA001-1039
ASA001-1040 ASA001-1040
ASA001-1041 ASA001-1041

   
    Phillips Ranch, July 16-17, 1955
    26 negatives:  ASA001-1042 – 1067
  Views of cave and people working at dig; yucca plants in Tehachapi Pass (ASA001-1063 – 1067).

ASA001-1042 No image available.
ASA001-1043 No image available.
ASA001-1044 ASA001-1044
ASA001-1045 ASA001-1045
ASA001-1046 ASA001-1046
ASA001-1047 ASA001-1047
ASA001-1048 No image available.
ASA001-1049 No image available.
ASA001-1050 No image available.
ASA001-1051 ASA001-1051
ASA001-1052 ASA001-1052
ASA001-1053 ASA001-1053
ASA001-1054 ASA001-1054(Phillips Ranch, 1955)
ASA001-1055 ASA001-1055
ASA001-1056 ASA001-1056
ASA001-1057 ASA001-1057
ASA001-1058 No image available.
ASA001-1059 No image available.
ASA001-1060 No image available.
ASA001-1061 No image available.
ASA001-1062 No image available.
ASA001-1063 ASA001-1063
ASA001-1064 ASA001-1064
ASA001-1065 ASA001-1065
ASA001-1066 ASA001-1066
ASA001-1067 ASA001-1067


    Phillips Ranch, November 12-13, 1955
    19 negatives:  ASA001-1068 – 1086
Detailed photographs of people staking-out the site and working at the dig; group of people drinking “hot soup on a cold, rough day served by Lily Colvin” (ASA001-1084).

ASA001-1068 ASA001-1068
ASA001-1069 ASA001-1069
ASA001-1070 ASA001-1070
ASA001-1071 ASA001-1071
ASA001-1072 ASA001-1072
ASA001-1073 ASA001-1073
ASA001-1074 ASA001-1074
ASA001-1075 ASA001-1075
ASA001-1076 ASA001-1076
ASA001-1077 ASA001-1077
ASA001-1078 No image available.
ASA001-1079 ASA001-1079
ASA001-1080 ASA001-1080
ASA001-1081 ASA001-1081
ASA001-1082 ASA001-1082
ASA001-1083 ASA001-1083
ASA001-1084 ASA001-1084
ASA001-1085 ASA001-1085
ASA001-1086 ASA001-1086


    
BISHOP AND OWEN’S VALLEY (CALIFORNIA), AUGUST 1960
7 negatives:  ASA001-1087 – 1093
Box 4
Views of several walls of petroglyphs in Owens Valley and Bishop area.  2.25x3.25-inch negatives.  See also:  ASA001-1330-1340 are additional photographs that Howe took of the Bishop area in 1960-1961 but did not include in this numbered sequence.

ASA001-1087 ASA001-1087(Bishop area, 1960)
ASA001-1088 ASA001-1088
ASA001-1089 ASA001-1089
ASA001-1090 ASA001-1090
ASA001-1091 ASA001-1091
ASA001-1092 ASA001-1092
ASA001-1093 ASA001-1093



HUMMING BIRD RANCH, SIMI VALLEY AREA (VENTURA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), JUNE 1954
32 negatives:  ASA001-1094 – 1125
Box 4.  Box 6:  4 degraded negatives ASA001-1107, 1108, 1117, 1118

Howe also refers to this site as Rancho Chuparosa.  A rock shelter had faint red stains suggestive of pictographs. There were three small caves but the ranch owners cleaned out most of the materials; some basketry found in the caves (Howe, 1954/1984).

Series contains the following items:

    ASA001-1094 – 1104 and 1125 in situ basketry.
ASA001-1094 ASA001-1094(Humming Bird Ranch, 1954)
ASA001-1095 ASA001-1095
ASA001-1096 ASA001-1096(At SBCM)
ASA001-1097 ASA001-1097
ASA001-1098 ASA001-1098
ASA001-1099 ASA001-1099
ASA001-1100 ASA001-1100
ASA001-1101 ASA001-1101
ASA001-1102 ASA001-1102
ASA001-1103 ASA001-1103
ASA001-1104 ASA001-1104
ASA001-1125 ASA001-11251125r

    ASA001-1105 – 1112 display of artifacts including projectile points.
ASA001-1105 ASA001-1105
ASA001-1106 ASA001-1106
ASA001-1107 No image available.
ASA001-1108 No image available.
ASA001-1109 ASA001-1109
ASA001-1110 ASA001-1110
ASA001-1111 ASA001-1111
ASA001-1112 ASA001-1112

ASA001-1113 – 1115 group of nine people posing in front of three vehicles; a hat is atop a camera on a tripod.  ASA001-1113 was published in ASA Bulletin (Blast from the past, 1990); from left are Gordon and Lucille Redtfeldt second and third, Verna Howe sixth, Clyde Price eighth (Letters, 1990).  Howe (1954/1984) mentions group members Lily Colvin, Harford Bridges, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Price, and Mr. and Mrs. Howe.
ASA001-1113 ASA001-1113
ASA001-1114 ASA001-1114
ASA001-1115 ASA001-1115

    ASA001-1116 ranch house.
ASA001-1116 ASA001-1116(Humming Bird Ranch, 1954)

    ASA001-1117 – 1118 people working at dig site; very degraded negative.
ASA001-1117 No image available.
ASA001-1118 No image available.
   
    ASA001-1119 – 1120 very faint “pictographs in red - almost gone.”
ASA001-1119 ASA001-1119
ASA001-1120 ASA001-1120

    ASA001-1121 – 1124 people working at the entrance to a cave or rock shelter.
ASA001-1121 ASA001-1121
ASA001-1122 ASA001-1122
ASA001-1123 ASA001-1123
ASA001-1124 ASA001-1124

GEM HILL (KERN COUNTY, CALFORNIA), APRIL 1960
1 negative:  ASA001-1126
Box 4
ASA001-1126 ASA001-1126(Leona Barnes, Gem Hill, 1960)

Leona Barnes holding a metate.


BAJA CALIFORNIA (MEXICO), 1956-1967 (BULK 1956-1957)
72 negatives:  ASA001-1127 – 1198
Box 4.  Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-1183
Nine sub-series in chronological order.

Howe made many trips to Baja before the paved highway opened up the peninsula in 1973.  He relates an amusing tale of a jeep trip with Clyde Price (Howe, 1976a).  See also: ASA001-1282 – 1301 for additional negatives of photographs taken in Baja.

    Baja California, September, 1956
    2 negatives:  ASA001-1127 – 1128
“My friend Jose Villavicencia at Rancho Barrile” (Howe, original enclosure of ASA001-1127).  The rancho “El Barril” (remote when Howe visited it) is northeast of Santa Gertrudis (which is north of San Ignacio) (Crosby, 1981).

ASA001-1127 ASA001-1127
ASA001-1128 ASA001-1128


    Baja California, October, 1956
    11 negatives:  ASA001-1129 – 1139

Sub-series contains the following items:

ASA001-1129 – 1135 portraits of members of “the Lopez family in El Arco.” El Arco is a village (remote when Howe visited it), northwest of Santa Gertrudis (Crosby, 1974, 1981).
ASA001-1129 ASA001-1129
ASA001-1130 ASA001-1130
ASA001-1131 ASA001-1131
ASA001-1132 ASA001-1132
ASA001-1133 ASA001-1133
ASA001-1134 ASA001-1134
ASA001-1135 ASA001-1135

    ASA001-1136 – 1139 saguaro and ocotillo plants.
ASA001-1136 ASA001-1136
ASA001-1137 ASA001-1137
ASA001-1138 ASA001-1138
ASA001-1139 ASA001-1139

Baja California, undated [1956?]
    4 negatives:  ASA001-1140 – 1143
“Jim Fisher and myself.”  These photographs may belong with the next group of photographs that were taken in 1956.

ASA001-1140 ASA001-1140
ASA001-1141 ASA001-1141
ASA001-1142 ASA001-1142
ASA001-1143 ASA001-1143


    Baja California, 1956
    9 negatives:  ASA001-1144 – 1152
“Jim Fisher and myself.”  Photographs of Howe, Fisher, ruins (?), and general landscapes.  Location in Baja is not identified.

ASA001-1144 ASA001-1144
ASA001-1145 ASA001-1145
ASA001-1146 ASA001-1146
ASA001-1147 ASA001-1147
ASA001-1148 ASA001-1148
ASA001-1149 ASA001-1149
ASA001-1150 ASA001-1150
ASA001-1151 ASA001-1151
ASA001-1152 ASA001-1152


    Baja California May 31 – June 2, 1957
    20 negatives:  ASA001-1153 – 1172

Sub-series contains the following items:

ASA001-1153 – 1163 beach views and people posing in front of a building at Puerto Cito.
ASA001-1153 ASA001-1153
ASA001-1154 ASA001-1154
ASA001-1155 ASA001-1155
ASA001-1156 ASA001-1156
ASA001-1157 ASA001-1157
ASA001-1158 ASA001-1158
ASA001-1159 ASA001-1159
ASA001-1160 ASA001-1160
ASA001-1161 ASA001-1161
ASA001-1162 ASA001-1162
ASA001-1163 ASA001-1163

    ASA001-1164 – 1167 desert plants including ocotillo.
ASA001-1164 ASA001-1164
ASA001-1165 ASA001-1165
ASA001-1166 ASA001-1166
ASA001-1167 ASA001-1167

ASA001-1168 – 1172 the giant Cardon cactus with a person standing beside it.  The cactus appears to be approximately 25 feet tall.
ASA001-1168 ASA001-1168
ASA001-1169 ASA001-1169
ASA001-1170 ASA001-1170
ASA001-1171 ASA001-1171
ASA001-1172 ASA001-1172

    Baja California, November 1957
    15 negatives:  ASA001-1173 – 1187
San Felipe harbor, shell mounds, and fisherman’s shrine; ocotillo plants and an elephant tree (ASA001-1177 – 1184).

ASA001-1173 ASA001-1173
ASA001-1174 ASA001-1174
ASA001-1175 ASA001-1175
ASA001-1176 ASA010-1176
ASA001-1177 ASA001-1177
ASA001-1178 ASA00-1178
ASA001-1179 ASA001-1179
ASA001-1180 ASA001-1180
ASA001-1181 ASA001-1181
ASA001-1182 ASA001-1182
ASA001-1183 No image available.
ASA001-1184 ASA001-1184
ASA001-1185 ASA001-1185
ASA001-1186 ASA001-1186
ASA001-1187 ASA001-1187


    Baja California, October 1959
    3 negatives:  ASA001-1188 – 1190

Sub-series contains the following items:

    ASA001-1188 an Old Man Cactus.
ASA001-1188 ASA001-1188

    ASA001-1189 camping near San Borjas.
ASA001-1189 ASA001-1189

ASA001-1190 Howe posing with a 132-pound sailfish, two rooster fish, and a yellow tail that he caught off La Paz on October 23, 1959.
ASA001-1190 ASA001-1190

    Baja California June 1963
    6 negatives:  ASA001-1191 – 1196
Several Cocopah [Cocopa] women from Baja and portraits of one woman.

ASA001-1191 ASA001-1191
ASA001-1192 ASA001-1192
ASA001-1193 ASA001-1193
ASA001-1194 ASA001-1194
ASA001-1195 ASA001-1195
ASA001-1196 ASA001-1196

  
    Baja California, 1967
    2 negatives:  ASA001-1197 – 1198
 Victoria Faust (in distance).

ASA001-1197 ASA001-1197
ASA001-1198 ASA001-1198

  
BARRANCA DEL COBRE (CHIHUAHUA, MEXICO), 1960-1964
83 negatives:  ASA001-1199 – 1281
Box 4.  Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-1270 and enclosure only for ASA001-1273 that was discarded as it had deteriorated and crumbled into tiny fragments
Three sub-series in chronological order

    Barranca del Cobre, October 1960
    50 negatives:  ASA001-1199 – 1248

Howe, then ASA Vice-President, led this expedition of 25 ASA members (Barranca del Cobre trip, 1960/n.d.).  A Chihuahua newspaper published a report of the trip; Señor Oliv, the engineer who first mapped the Barrancas, met the group.  ASA member Miriam Muehlenbach spent many years getting to know the Tarahumara in the Basihuare valley (Muehlenbach, 1973/n.d., 1974/n.d.).

Howe filed the undated negatives ASA001-1222 – 1225 within this sequence.  Most negatives in this series are 2.25x3.25-inch.

Sub-series includes photographs of Howe’s “symbol of strength and dependability,” his six cylinder big six cab-over jeep named “El Espiritu del Desierto II” (Howe, 1974).
    
Sub-series contains the following items:

        ASA001-1199 schoolhouse at Samachicque.
ASA001-1199 ASA001-1199

        ASA001-1200 – 1201 Corrinne Milton in the rain at Samachicque.
ASA001-1200 ASA001-1200(Corrine Milton, 1960)
ASA001-1201 ASA001-1201 Corrine Milton

ASA001-1202 Howe’s notation on the original enclosure reads “Tarahumara boy at Samachicque” but the negative in the enclosure is a photograph of a group of children.  One of the boys is the same one as in ASA001-1306 – 1308.
ASA001-1202 ASA001-1202 Copper Canyon 1960

ASA001-1203 – 1207 Chitecha:  “oven near our camp at Citecha” and various local people.
ASA001-1203 ASA001-1203
ASA001-1204 ASA001-1204
ASA001-1205 ASA001-1205
ASA001-1206 ASA001-1206
ASA001-1207 ASA001-1207

ASA001-1208 large truck with name painted on the door “El Esperito del Desierto.”
ASA001-1208 ASA001-1208

ASA001-1209 – 1210 “our camp at Citecha.”
ASA001-1209 ASA001-1209
ASA001-1210 ASA001-1210

ASA001-1211 – 1219 landscapes, views of dwellings, “road from Chicuacua to Creel”, a tiny church, and a group of locals at a ranch.
ASA001-1211 ASA001-1211
ASA001-1212 ASA001-1212
ASA001-1213 ASA001-1213
ASA001-1214 ASA001-1214
ASA001-1215 ASA001-1215
ASA001-1216 ASA001-1216
ASA001-1217 ASA001-1217
ASA001-1218 ASA001-1218
ASA001-1219 ASA001-1219

ASA001-1220 – 1221 a group of twenty-four people at “Base Camp.”
ASA001-1220 ASA001-1220
ASA001-1221 ASA001-1221

ASA001-1222 – 1229 landscape around Base Camp; views of caves (?).
ASA001-1222 ASA001-1222
ASA001-1223 ASA001-1223
ASA001-1224 ASA010-1224
ASA001-1225 ASA001-1225
ASA001-1226 ASA001-1226
ASA001-1227 ASA001-1227
ASA001-1228 ASA001-1228
ASA001-1229 ASA001-1229

ASA001-1230 – 1233 church at Cusarare.
ASA001-1230 ASA001-1230
ASA001-1231 ASA001-1231
ASA001-1232 ASA001-1232
ASA001-1233 ASA001-1233

ASA001-1234 – 1239 portraits of “Cusarare: the Dancer, Lupe.”
ASA001-1234 ASA001-1234
ASA001-1235 ASA001-1235
ASA001-1236 ASA001-1236
ASA001-1237 ASA001-1237
ASA001-1238 ASA001-1238
ASA001-1239 ASA001-1239

ASA001-1240 – 1245 “Divisadero” scenic views.
ASA001-1240 ASA001-1240
ASA001-1241 ASA001-1241
ASA001-1242 ASA001-1242
ASA001-1243 ASA001-1243
ASA001-1244 ASA001-1244
ASA001-1245 ASA001-1245

ASA001-1246 – 1248 Howe’s jeep (name painted on the door is “El Esperitu del Desierto II”) and a group of people at “Santa Rita motel in Chicuacua.”
ASA001-1246 ASA001-1246
ASA001-1247 ASA001-1247
ASA001-1248 ASA001-1248

    Barranca del Cobre, October 1963
    29 negatives:  ASA001-1249 – 1277

    “Barranca Expedition.”  Sub-series contains the following items:

        ASA001-1249 – 1253 scenic views at Camp “Busted Radiator.”
ASA001-1249 ASA001-1249
ASA001-1250 ASA001-1250
ASA001-1251 ASA001-1251
ASA001-1252 ASA001-1252
ASA001-1253 ASA001-1253

        ASA001-1254 – 1256 Casas Grandes ruins with walk-in well.
ASA001-1254 ASA001-1254
ASA001-1255 ASA001-1255
ASA001-1256 ASA001-1256

ASA001-1257 – 1275 Indian children in schoolyard at Basihuare; scenic views of the surrounding area (ASA001-1273 is an empty enclosure – the negative had crumbled into tiny pieces and was discarded).
ASA001-1257 ASA001-1257
ASA001-1258 ASA001-1258
ASA001-1259 ASA001-1259
ASA001-1260 ASA001-1260
ASA001-1261 ASA001-1261
ASA001-1262 ASA001-1262
ASA001-1263 ASA001-1263
ASA001-1264 ASA001-1264
ASA001-1265 ASA001-1265
ASA001-1266 ASA001-1266
ASA001-1267 ASA001-1267
ASA001-1268 ASA001-1268
ASA001-1269 ASA001-1269
ASA001-1270 No image available.
ASA001-1271 ASA001-1271
ASA001-1272 ASA001-1272
ASA001-1273 No image available.
ASA001-1274 ASA001-1274
ASA001-1275 ASA001-1275

ASA001-1276 – 1277 Indian church at Basihuare.
ASA001-1276 ASA001-1276
ASA001-1277 ASA001-1277

    Barranca del Cobre, October 1964
    4 negatives:  ASA001-1278 – 1281
 Portrait of a person “at Barranca” and a church at Basihuare.

ASA001-1278 ASA001-1278
ASA001-1279 ASA001-1279
ASA001-1280 ASA001-1280
ASA001-1281 ASA001-1281

 
BAJA CALIFORNIA, 1965 AND 1972 (BULK 1972)
20 negatives:  ASA001-1282 – 1301
Box 4
Two sub-series in chronological order as filed by Howe

See also: ASA001-1127 – 1198 for additional negatives of photographs taken in Baja.

    Baja California, 1965
    4 negatives:  ASA001-1282 – 1285
Orfanatorio at Colonia Guerro, B.C.  Photographs show several groups of children and adults posing in front of the Christ Faith Mission Orphanage.

ASA001-1282 ASA001-1282
ASA001-1283 ASA001-1283
ASA001-1284 ASA001-1284
ASA001-1285 ASA001-1285


    Baja California, February 1972
    16 negatives:  ASA001-1286 – 1301
  Landscapes; jeep camps; a building with a palm-frond roof.

ASA001-1286 ASA001-1286
ASA001-1287 ASA001-1287
ASA001-1288 ASA001-1288
ASA001-1289 ASA001-1289
ASA001-1290 ASA001-1290
ASA001-1291 ASA001-1291
ASA001-1292 ASA001-1292
ASA001-1293 ASA001-1293
ASA001-1294 ASA001-1294
ASA001-1295 ASA001-1295
ASA001-1296 ASA001-1296
ASA001-1297 ASA001-1297
ASA001-1298 ASA001-1298
ASA001-1299 ASA001-1299
ASA001-1300 ASA001-1300
ASA001-1301 ASA001-1301

  
BARRANCA DEL COBRE (CHIHUAHUA, MEXICO), OCTOBER 1960 AND UNDATED
20 negatives:  ASA001-1302 – 1321
Box 4.  Box 6:  enclosure only for one degraded negative ASA001-1321 that was discarded as it had deteriorated and crumbled into tiny fragments
Two sub-series in chronological order

Howe filed this group of negatives after his Barranca del Cobre and Baja California negatives.  The original negative numbers and enclosures suggest that the negatives may be copies of  photographs taken by Charles LaMonk.  Most of the negative nos. (14 [sic], 1000, 1002, and 1004 – 1009) are prefaced with “LaMonk” and various other numbers, for example, “6 LaMonk 1007.”  The numbers do not fall within the the sequence and numbering pattern of Howe’s negative numbers.

    Barranca del Cobre, October 1960
    7 negatives:  ASA001-1302 – 1308
Portraits of Tarahumara Indians taken at Citecha:  a mother and child, several people, and a boy in a cape (the same boy as in the group of children in ASA001-1202).

ASA001-1302 ASA001-1302
ASA001-1303 ASA001-1303
ASA001-1304 ASA001-1304
ASA001-1305 ASA001-1305
ASA001-1306 ASA001-1306
ASA001-1307 ASA001-1307
ASA001-1308 ASA001-1308


    Barranca del Cobre, undated
    13 negatives:  ASA001-1309 – 1321
Portraits of Tarahumara Indians:  a man holding a hat, a man in a cape, several other groupings of men, and two people with oven at Citecha in the background.  Negative ASA001-1321 was discarded as it had crumbled into tiny fragments.

ASA001-1309 ASA001-1309
ASA001-1310 ASA001-1310
ASA001-1311 ASA001-1311
ASA001-1312 ASA001-1312
ASA001-1313 ASA001-1313
ASA001-1314 ASA001-1314
ASA001-1315 ASA001-1315
ASA001-1316 ASA001-1316
ASA001-1317 ASA001-1317
ASA001-1318 ASA001-1318
ASA001-1319 ASA001-1319
ASA001-1320 ASA001-1320
ASA001-1321 No image available.


JEEP, 1955
1 negative:  ASA001-1322
Box 4
Four cylinder jeep with “El Tortle” painted on the door.  Vehicle is parked in front of unidentified buildings in unknown location.

ASA001-1322 ASA001-1322


A CALIFORNIA RANCH (CALIFORNIA), NOVEMBER 30, 1952
1 negative:  ASA001-1323
Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-1609
General view of a ranch.

ASA001-1323 No image available.


BISHOP (CALIFORNIA), 1960-1961 AND UNDATED
10 negatives:  ASA001-1324 – 1333
Box 4
Three sub-series in chronological order

This collection has no photographs of the Bishop Loop trip that was organized by Field Chairman Howe on September 2-4, 1967 (Ishii, 1967).


    Bishop, August 1960
    1 negative:  ASA001-1324
  Petroglyphs.

ASA001-1324 ASA001-1324 Bishop Area 1960-1961

  
    Bishop, June 18, 1961
    5 negatives:  ASA001-1325 – 1329
Chalfant group of petroglyphs on “Petroglyph Loop.”  See also:  ASA001-1087 – 1093 are photographs of Bishop area taken in August 1961.

ASA001-1325 ASA001-1325
ASA001-1326 ASA001-1326
ASA001-1327 ASA001-1327
ASA001-1328 ASA001-1328
ASA001-1329 ASA001-1329


    Bishop, undated
    4 negatives:  ASA001-1330 – 1333
 Petroglyphs on cliffs (copied from 35mm color photographs).

ASA001-1330 ASA001-1330
ASA001-1331 ASA001-1331
ASA001-1332 ASA001-1332
ASA001-1333 ASA001-1333

  
INDEPENDENCE (CALIFORNIA), JULY 1960
5 negatives:  ASA001-1334 – 1338
Box 4

ASA members participated in the Eastern California Museum Association’s Owens Valley Point Typology Workshop, Independence, July 9-10, 1960; collectors brought in over 7,500 points from about 65 collections for identification (Owens Valley, 1960/1984).  These photographs may have been taken at this time.  Series contains the following items:

ASA001-1334 – 1335 Cottonwood charcoal kilns near Owen’s Lake where Howe camped.
ASA001-1334 ASA001-1334
ASA001-1335 ASA001-1335

ASA001-1336 – 1338 Reyes and Jessie Durant posing and holding a display of artifacts.  “Jessie is a Paiute from Mono Lake area and married to Reyes Durant who is from Taos, New Mexico.  They live at Rt. #1, Box 93, Bishop, California” (Howe, original enclosure).
ASA001-1336 ASA001-1336 Reyes and Jessie Durant. Bishop 1960.
ASA001-1337 ASA001-1337
ASA001-1338 ASA001-1338

JOSHUA TREE MONUMENT (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1960
3 negatives:  ASA001-1339 – 1341
Box 4
Groups of people looking at petroglyphs.

ASA001-1339 ASA001-1339 Joshua Tree? 1960
ASA001-1340 ASA001-1340
ASA001-1341 ASA001-1341


ANGELES CREST HIGHWAY (CALIFORNIA), JUNE 1961
2 negatives:  ASA001-1342 – 1343
Box 4
Scene on highway and photograph of a Yucca plant.

ASA001-1342 ASA001-1342 Angeles Crest Highway 1961
ASA001-1343 ASA001-1343


CASA DIABLO (CALIFORNIA), JUNE 18, 1961
3 negatives:  ASA001-1344 – 1346
Box 4
North side of Owens River gorge.  The excavation was done for the Forest Service and the material went to the Eastern California Museum (Steele, 1982).  

View of gorge; house ring; vehicles at campsite.    

ASA001-1344 ASA001-1344
ASA001-1345 ASA001-1345
ASA001-1346 ASA001-1346


COSO HOT SPRINGS (INYO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1961-1962 AND UNDATED
21 negatives:  ASA001-1347 – 1367
Box 4.  Box 6: 1 degraded negative ASA001-1359
Three sub-series in chronological order

    Coso Hot Springs, June 1961
    11 negatives:  ASA001-1347 – 1357
  Coso Junction; fire pits; people using the power shaker; Coso dig site; and artifacts (in situ bones).

ASA001-1347 ASA001-1347 "Ayers Rock?" Iny-134-135 [Label is Coso Hot Spring]
ASA001-1348 ASA001-1348
ASA001-1349 ASA001-1349
ASA001-1350 ASA001-1350
ASA001-1351 ASA001-1351
ASA001-1352 ASA001-1352
ASA001-1353 ASA001-1353
ASA001-1354 ASA001-1354
ASA001-1355 ASA001-1355
ASA001-1356 ASA001-1356
ASA001-1357 ASA001-1357


    Coso Hot Springs, 1962
    8 negatives:  ASA001-1358 – 1365
  People working at dig site.

ASA001-1358 ASA001-1358
ASA001-1359 No image available.
ASA001-1360 ASA001-1360
ASA001-1361 ASA001-1361
ASA001-1362 ASA001-1362
ASA001-1363 ASA001-1363
ASA001-1364 ASA001-1364
ASA001-1365 ASA001-1365

  
    Coso Hot Springs, undated
    2 negatives:  ASA001-1366 – 1367
 Joshua tree; people at dig site.

ASA001-1366 ASA001-1366
ASA001-1367 ASA001-1367 [Ayers Rock?]

       
DAVIS DAM (ARIZONA-NEVADA), 1961-1965 AND UNDATED (BULK 1961-1963)
53 negatives:  ASA001-1368 – 1420
Box 4
Five sub-series in chronological order

    Davis Dam, September 1961
    8 negatives:  ASA001-1368 – 1375 
Petroglyphs include a group of six sheep; walls of petroglyphs.

ASA001-1368 ASA001-1368 Grapevine Canyon, NV
ASA001-1369 ASA001-1369 Grapevine
ASA001-1370 ASA001-1370 Swansea Petro Site, Inyo County See 1462
ASA001-1371 ASA001-1371 Grapevine
ASA001-1372 ASA001-1372
ASA001-1373 ASA001-1373
ASA001-1374 ASA001-1374
ASA001-1375 ASA001-1375


    Davis Dam, January 20, 1962
    23 negatives:  ASA001-1376 – 1398
Scenic views and petroglyphs.

ASA001-1376 ASA001-1376 Swansea Petro Site, Inyo County, see 1462
ASA001-1377 ASA001-1377 Swansea Petro Site, Inyo County, see 1462
ASA001-1378 ASA001-1378 Grapevine


ASA001-1379 ASA001-1379 Davis Dam?
ASA001-1380 ASA001-1380 Grapevine
ASA001-1381 ASA001-1381
ASA001-1382 ASA001-1382
ASA001-1383 ASA001-1383
ASA001-1384 ASA001-1384
ASA001-1385 ASA001-1385
ASA001-1386 ASA001-1386
ASA001-1387 ASA001-1387 Grapevine?
ASA001-1388 ASA001-1388 Grapevine
ASA001-1389 ASA001-1389
ASA001-1390 ASA001-1390 Grapevine
ASA001-1391 ASA001-1391
ASA001-1392 ASA001-1392
ASA001-1393 ASA001-1393 Chio Black?
ASA001-1394 ASA001-1394 Chio Black?
ASA001-1395 ASA001-1395 Chio Black?
ASA001-1396 ASA001-1396 Swansea Petro Site, Inyo County, see 1462
ASA001-1397 ASA001-1397 Swansea Petro Site, Inyo County, see 1462
ASA001-1398 ASA001-1398 Swansea
   
   
    Davis Dam, January 7, 1963
    10 negatives:  ASA001-1399 – 1408
  Wall of petroglyphs; photograph of a little girl (ASA001-1401).

ASA001-1399 ASA001-1399 Grapevine
ASA001-1400 ASA001-1400
ASA001-1401 ASA001-1401 Chio Black's child? Grapevine
ASA001-1402 ASA001-1402
ASA001-1403 ASA001-1403
ASA001-1404 ASA001-1404
ASA001-1405 ASA001-1405
ASA001-1406 ASA001-1406
ASA001-1407 ASA001-1407
ASA001-1408 ASA001-1408

        
    Davis Dam, April 27, 1965 and April 1965
    11 negatives:  ASA001-1409 – 1419
Petroglyphs and walls of petroglyphs including a group of six sheep, a circle, and a larger sheep below (ASA001-1410; ASA001-1484 is a better photograph).

ASA001-1409 ASA001-1409
ASA001-1410 ASA001-1410
ASA001-1411 ASA001-1411
ASA001-1412 ASA001-1412
ASA001-1413 ASA001-1413
ASA001-1414 ASA001-1414
ASA001-1415 ASA001-1415
ASA001-1416 ASA001-1416
ASA001-1417 ASA001-1417
ASA001-1418 ASA001-1418
ASA001-1419 ASA001-1419


    Davis Dam, undated
    1 negative:  ASA001-1420
 Petroglyphs (copy from 35 mm color).

ASA001-1420 ASA001-1420   
   
    
KEELER (INYO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1961 AND UNDATED
3 negatives:  ASA001-1421 – 1423
Box 5
Two sub-series in chronological order

    Keeler, 1961
    1 negative:  ASA001-1421
 Tram at Keeler; 2.25x3.25 negatives.

ASA001-1421 ASA001-1421 Team at Keeler 1961

  
    Keeler, undated
    2 negatives:  ASA001-1422 – 1423
Flash flood between Keeler and Olancha; 2.25x3.25 negatives.

ASA001-1422 ASA001-1422 Flash flood between Keeler and Olancha
ASA001-1423 ASA001-1423
  

LITTLE LAKE (INYO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), MARCH 1961
6 negatives:  ASA001-1424 – 1429
Box 5
A dry lake site (Howe, n.d.).  Photographs of dig and people working at dig.  Excavation of two rock shelters by 32 ASA members on March 26-27, 1961 (Redtfeldt, 1962/1984b). 

ASA001-1424 ASA001-1424 Ayers Rock? (labeled Little Lake)
ASA001-1425 ASA001-1425 Ayers Rock?
ASA001-1426 ASA001-1426 Ayers Rock?
ASA001-1427 ASA001-1427 Ayers Rock?
ASA001-1428 ASA001-1428 Ayers Rock?
ASA001-1429 ASA001-1429 Ayers Rock?


LONE PINE (INYO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1961-1962 (BULK 1962)
15 negatives:  ASA001-1430 – 1444
Box 5
Two sub-series in chronological order

    Lone Pine, 1961
    3 negatives:  ASA001-1430 – 1432 
Scenic views of the Alabama Hills.

ASA001-1430 ASA001-1430
ASA001-1431 ASA001-1431
ASA001-1432 ASA001-1432

 
    Lone Pine, January 1962
    12 negatives:  ASA001-1433 – 1444
Portraits of Paiute children and adults; Paiute Herbert Bellas in a headdress (ASA001-1442; identification from Clouse, 1962/n.d.); and an old man with a young boy, and a girl.  These photographs were taken at the ASA’s January 13-14, 1962, project to record Pauite legends, songs, dances, and arrowmaking; six Pauites worked with the ASA on the project:  Tom Stone (Chief of Owens Valley tribes), Pete Thomas, Herbert Bellas, Johnny Sims, Emily Bellas, and Nadeen Naylor (Clouse, 1962/n.d.).

ASA001-1433 ASA001-1433
ASA001-1434 ASA001-1434
ASA001-1435 ASA001-1435
ASA001-1436 ASA001-1436
ASA001-1437 ASA001-1437
ASA001-1438 ASA001-1438
ASA001-1439 ASA001-1439
ASA001-1440 ASA001-1440
ASA001-1441 ASA001-1441
ASA001-1442 ASA001-1442
ASA001-1443 ASA001-1443
ASA001-1444 ASA001-1444



PETROGLYPH CAVE (CALIFORNIA), MARCH 18-19, 1961
6 negatives:  ASA001-1445 – 1450
Box 5.  Box 6:  4 degraded negatives ASA001-1445, 1446, 1447, 1449
Distant views of hillside with a cave and of a tree growing right at the top of a cliff.

ASA001-1445 No image available.
ASA001-1446 No image available.
ASA001-1447 No image available.
ASA001-1448 ASA001-1448 "Petroglyph Cave"?
ASA001-1449 No image available.
ASA001-1450 ASA001-1450

 

SAGE CANYON (KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1961
5 negatives:  ASA001-1451 – 1455
Box 5
Scouting trip with Doug Huntingdon.  People at campsite and at Sage Canyon Cave.

ASA001-1451 ASA001-1451 Sage Canyon 1961
ASA001-1452 ASA001-1452
ASA001-1453 ASA001-1453
ASA001-1454 ASA001-1454
ASA001-1455 ASA001-1455



SHADOW MOUNTAIN (CALIFORNIA), 1961
6 negatives:  ASA001-1456 – 1461
Box 5
23 Views of open-pit turquoise mines near Halloran Springs east of Baker, California; the surrounding area; and people pointing at features (?).  Original enclosure of ASA001-1456 states, in handwriting by someone other than Howe, “East Camp CA-SBr-205.” The enclosure also bears a rubber stamp:  “Archaeological Survey Association, Armacost Library, University of Redlands, Redlands, California 973.”

ASA001-1456 ASA001-1456
ASA001-1457 ASA001-1457
ASA001-1458 ASA001-1458
ASA001-1459 ASA001-1459
ASA001-1460 ASA001-1460
ASA001-1461 ASA001-1461


SWANSEA (INYO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1961
2 negatives:  ASA001-1462 – 1463
Box 5
ASA trip August 5-6, 1961, to record petroglyphs in imminent danger of destruction due to blasting (Apostolides, 1961/1984b).  Petroglyphs very weathered (Steele, 1982).

Landscape view; artifact with arrow pointing to it.

ASA001-1462 ASA001-1462 Swansea
ASA001-1463 ASA001-1463 Swansea



TAOS AND BANDELIER (NEW MEXICO), SEPTEMBER 1961
9 negatives:  ASA001-1464 – 1472
Box 5
Vacation in Taos, Bandelier, Silverton (Colorado), and the Grand Canyon; photographs include Taos pueblo, Bandelier ruins, and landscapes.  2.25x3.25-inch negatives.

ASA001-1464 ASA001-1464 Bandelier?
ASA001-1465 ASA001-1465
ASA001-1466 ASA001-1466
ASA001-1467 ASA001-1467
ASA001-1468 ASA001-1468
ASA001-1469 ASA001-1469
ASA001-1470 ASA001-1470
ASA001-1471 ASA001-1471
ASA001-1472 ASA001-1472



TROPICO MOJAVE MINE (KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1961
3 negatives:  ASA001-1473 – 1475
Box 5.  Box 6:  2 degraded negatives ASA001-1473, 1474
Views of mine buildings on hillside; vehicles include wagon chassis and vintage truck.

ASA001-1473 No image available.
ASA001-1474 No image available.
ASA001-1475 ASA001-1475

   
WESTERN STAR (PRICE) RANCH (INYO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1961-1964
5 negatives:  ASA001-1476 – 1480
Box 5.  Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-1477
Three sub-series in chronological order

Western Star Ranch was known by ASA members as Price Ranch Site after the owners, and ASA members, Earl and Verdie Price.  Preliminary report notes site the number as INY-121 (Clouse, 1965).

    Western Star (Price) Ranch, 1961
    2 negatives:  ASA001-1476 – 1477
   People at dig.

ASA001-1476 ASA001-1476 Western Star (Price) Ranch 1961
ASA001-1477 No image available.

  
    Western Star (Price) Ranch, January 20, 1962
    1 negative:  ASA001-1478 
ASA member Renee Miller working on artifacts at dig site (copy from 35 mm color slide).

ASA001-1478 ASA001-1478


    Western Star (Price) Ranch, 1964
    2 negatives:  ASA001-1479 – 1480
People working at dig site.  ASA worked at the site on July 18-19, 1964, and completed the work on July 25-26, 1964 (Redtfeldt, 1965).

ASA001-1479 ASA001-1479
ASA001-1480 ASA001-1480


GRAPEVINE CANYON, NEAR DAVIS DAM (ARIZONA-NEVADA), 1962-1967
30 negatives:  ASA001-1481 – 1510
Box 5.  Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-1507
Three sub-series in chronological order

    Grapevine Canyon, January 20, 1962
    9 negatives:  ASA001-1481 – 1489
Photographs of petroglyphs including a group of six sheep, a circle, and a larger sheep below (ASA001-1484 is a better photograph of the group than ASA001-1410); 2.25x3.25-inch negatives.

ASA001-1481 ASA001-1481 Grapevine
ASA001-1482 ASA001-1482
ASA001-1483 ASA001-1483
ASA001-1484 ASA001-1484
ASA001-1485 ASA001-1485
ASA001-1486 ASA001-1486
ASA001-1487 ASA001-1487
ASA001-1488 ASA001-1488
ASA001-1489 ASA001-1489


    Grapevine Canyon, January 7, 1963
    3 negatives:  ASA001-1490 – 1492
Walls of interesting petroglyphs.  Whitley identifies the petroglyphs as at the foot of Spirit Mountain (Newberry Peak), Nevada (Whitley, 1996).  Someone other than Howe wrote on ASA001-1490 enclosure:  “prints should be made before negative deteriorates - a very different site from Keyhole Canyon although near it.”  Haenszel (1970/1984) noted that Howe took photographs on ASA’s trip to Keyhole Canyon, November 1968.  However, the photographs are not in this collection.

ASA001-1490 ASA001-1490
ASA001-1491 ASA001-1491
ASA001-1492 ASA001-1492



    Grapevine Canyon, 1967
    18 negatives:  ASA001-1493 – 1510

Walls of petroglyphs.  Many photographs of Hopi artist, Chio Black (Chizomana Ishii), who was ASA President in 1972 and 1973.  Howe filed three undated negatives ASA001-1496 – 1498 within this sequence.

    Sub-series includes the following items:

ASA001-1493 Chizomana Ishii, Dorothy Cowper, and petroglyph wall. 1967
ASA001-1493 ASA001-1493

ASA001-1494, 1495, 1497, 1499, 1500, 1503, 1504, 1506, 1508 Chizomana Ishii and walls of petroglyphs.  See also:  ASA001-1561 – 1562 for Ishii in 1969.
ASA001-1494 ASA001-1494 Chizomana Ishii (Black) 1967
ASA001-1495 ASA001-1495 Chizomana Ishii (Black) 1967
ASA001-1497 ASA001-1497
ASA001-1499 ASA001-1499
ASA001-1500 ASA001-1500 Chizomana Ishii (Black) 1967
ASA001-1503 ASA001-1503
ASA001-1504 ASA001-1504
ASA001-1506 ASA001-1506
ASA001-1508 ASA001-1508

 ASA001-1501 view of the canyon.
ASA001-1501 ASA001-1501

ASA001-1502 interesting wall of petroglyphs.
ASA001-1502 ASA001-1502

ASA001-1505 ASA001-1505

ASA001-1509 Chizomana Ishii adorned with Indian jewelry.
ASA001-1509 ASA001-1509

ASA001-1510 ASA member Doris Bowers and unidentified person.
ASA001-1510 ASA001-1510 Doris Bowers and ? 1967


LAST CHANCE CANYON (KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), MAY, 1962 AND MAY 5-6, 1962
23 negatives:  ASA001-1511 – 1533
Box 5
Howe led a survey of three rock shelters in March, April, and May, 1962, on land owned by Howard E. Stilwell of San Gabriel.  Howe took photographs on the trips (Apostolides, 1968a) but there are no photographs of the March or April trips in this collection.

Photographs include views of “Excavation by South West Museum” including two signs at the site “62-S 5-5-62 SR-2 6 inches N-125” (ASA001-1511) and “62-S 5-6-62 SR-2 Charcoal lens N-125” (ASA001-1513); landscapes; and people working at the site.  2.25x3.25 negatives.

ASA001-1511 ASA001-1511
ASA001-1512 ASA001-1512 Last Chance Canyon ca. 1962
ASA001-1513 ASA001-1513
ASA001-1514 ASA001-1514
ASA001-1515 ASA001-1515
ASA001-1516 ASA001-1516
ASA001-1517 ASA001-1517
ASA001-1518 ASA001-1518
ASA001-1519 ASA001-1519
ASA001-1520 ASA001-1520
ASA001-1521 ASA001-1521
ASA001-1522 ASA001-1522
ASA001-1523 ASA001-1523
ASA001-1524 ASA001-1524
ASA001-1525 ASA001-1525
ASA001-1526 ASA001-1526
ASA001-1527 ASA001-1527
ASA001-1528 ASA001-1528
ASA001-1529 ASA001-1529
ASA001-1530 ASA001-1530
ASA001-1531 ASA001-1531
ASA001-1532 ASA001-1532
ASA001-1533 ASA001-1533



CROWLEY SITE NO. 1 (CALIFORNIA), JULY 4, 1964
7 negatives:  ASA001-1534 – 1540
Box 5
Views of archaeological excavation and people working at dig.  The material from the excavation went to the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (Steele, 1982).

ASA001-1534 ASA001-1534 Crowley site 1964
ASA001-1535 ASA001-1535
ASA001-1536 ASA001-1536
ASA001-1537 ASA001-1537
ASA001-1538 ASA001-1538
ASA001-1539 ASA001-1539
ASA001-1540 ASA001-1540



EARLY MAN RESEARCH CENTER, BLOOMINGTON (CALIFORNIA), 1964
10 negatives:  ASA001-1541 – 1550
Box 5.  Box 6:  1 degraded negative ASA001-1547
Dedication of center at San Bernardino County Museum, February 1, 1964.  Photographs include keynote speaker, Marie Wormington (Curator of Anthropology, Denver Museum of Natural History, Ruth DeEtte Simpson, John Kettl, and Bill Tennis.

ASA001-1541 ASA001-1541
ASA001-1542 ASA001-1542
ASA001-1543 ASA001-1543
ASA001-1544 ASA001-1544
ASA001-1545 ASA001-1545
ASA001-1546 ASA001-1546
ASA001-1547 No image available.
ASA001-1548 ASA001-1548
ASA001-1549 ASA001-1549
ASA001-1550 ASA001-1550



FOSSIL FALLS (INYO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1968
10 negatives:  ASA001-1551 – 1560
Box 5
Views of falls “showing ragged skyline.”  Howe organized a trip to Big Petroglyph Canyon (China Lake) and Fossil Falls on May 19-20, 1968  (Miller, 1968).  There are no photographs of the China Lake part of the trip in this collection.

ASA001-1551 ASA001-1551
ASA001-1552 ASA001-1552
ASA001-1553 ASA001-1553
ASA001-1554 ASA001-1554
ASA001-1555 ASA001-1555
ASA001-1556 ASA001-1556
ASA001-1557 ASA001-1557
ASA001-1558 ASA001-1558
ASA001-1559 ASA001-1559
ASA001-1560 ASA001-1560


CHIZOMANA ISHII BLACK, 1969
2 negatives: ASA001-1561 – 1562
Box 5
Portrait of Hopi artist Chio Black (Chizomana Ishii) in native dress.  See also:  ASA001-1493 – 1510 series for Ishii in 1967.

ASA001-1561 ASA001-1561
ASA001-1562 ASA001-1562


FLASH TEST, APRIL 1969
2 negatives:  ASA001-1563 – 1564
Box 5
Flash test set-up labeled as “Busch #5 bulb F2.2 and 10 ft.  Camera at 3 ft.  Guide #220” and a close-up of a projectile point.

ASA001-1563 ASA001-1563
ASA001-1564 ASA001-1564


HOLE-IN-THE-WALL (SAN BERNARDINO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), NOVEMBER 1971
10 negatives:  ASA001-1565 – 1574
Box 5
Views of area and petroglyphs.  In the Mid-Hills survey area (Steele, 1982).  2.25x2.25-inch negatives.

ASA001-1565 ASA001-1565
ASA001-1566 ASA001-1566
ASA001-1567 ASA001-1567
ASA001-1568 ASA001-1568
ASA001-1569 ASA001-1569
ASA001-1570 ASA001-1570
ASA001-1571 ASA001-1571
ASA001-1572 ASA001-1572
ASA001-1573 ASA001-1573
ASA001-1574 ASA001-1574


RANCHO CALIFORNIA (RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), 1971
15 negatives:  ASA001-1575 – 1589
Box 5.  Box 6:  4 degraded negatives ASA001-1581, 1582, 1583, 1585
Two sub-series in chronological order

The excavation of a Luiseño campsite near Temecula was conducted by ASA under direction of San Bernardino County Museum (Rancho California, 1971).  
    
    Rancho California, October 1971
    5 negatives:  ASA001-1575 – 1579
Artifacts and a hearth.

ASA001-1575 ASA001-1575
ASA001-1576 ASA001-1576
ASA001-1577 ASA001-1577
ASA001-1578 ASA001-1578
ASA001-1579 ASA001-1579

  
    Rancho California, November 1971
    10 negatives:  ASA001-1580 – 1589
   Dig site; artifacts include a metate.

ASA001-1580 ASA001-1580 Rancho California 1971
ASA001-1581 No image available.
ASA001-1582 No image available.
ASA001-1583 No image available.
ASA001-1584 ASA001-1584
ASA001-1585 No image available.
ASA001-1586 ASA001-1586
ASA001-1587 ASA001-1587
ASA001-1588 ASA001-1588
ASA001-1589 ASA001-1589

   
YUCCA VALLEY (CALIFORNIA), 1971
6 negatives:  ASA001-1590 – 1595
Box 5.  Box 6:  2 degraded negatives ASA001-1592, 1593
Photographs of vegetation of the area.  Some of the original enclosures have notations “Pat Nolina” (in the distance) and “Pat, Louise and Harrison” (not pictured).

ASA001-1590 ASA001-1590
ASA001-1591 ASA001-1591
ASA001-1592 No image available.
ASA001-1593 No image available.
ASA001-1594 ASA001-1594
ASA001-1595 ASA001-1595


UNKNOWN LOCATION, 1971 AND UNDATED
6 negatives:  ASA001-1596 – 1601
Box 5.  Box 6:  2 degraded negatives ASA001-1600, 1601
Two sub-series in chronological order

    Unknown location, 1971
    4  negatives:  ASA001-1596 – 1599
  Blooming desert flora; petroglyphs that resemble atlatls; geometric petroglyphs that are multicellular or radiate from a ring.

ASA001-1596 ASA001-1596
ASA001-1597 ASA001-1597
ASA001-1598 ASA001-1598
ASA001-1599 ASA001-1599


    Unknown location, undated
    2 negatives:  ASA001-1600 – 1601
Views of boulders with petroglyphs.

ASA001-1600 No image available.
ASA001-1601 No image available.

 

BARSTOW ARCHERY (CALIFORNIA), UNDATED
1 negative:  ASA001-1602
Box 5
View of a tree in the desert identified on original enclosure as “Tree and desert scenes – Group Burro 2 Special.”

ASA001-1602 ASA001-1602


CLOUDS, UNDATED
1 negative:  ASA001-1603
Box 5
Landscape and clouds taken with infrared film.

ASA001-1603 ASA001-1603



FORT TEJON (KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), UNDATED
1 negative:  ASA001-1604
Box 5
View of the barracks building at Fort Tejon.

ASA001-1604 ASA001-1604 Fort Tejon



MARICOPA (KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA), UNDATED
2 negatives:  ASA001-1605 – 1606
Box 5
Photographs taken on a scouting trip with Wilma Williams:  artifacts; Williams with a shovel.

ASA001-1605 ASA001-1605
ASA001-1606 ASA001-1606


OAK CREEK (UNKNOWN LOCATION), UNDATED
3 negatives:  ASA001-1607 – 1609
Box 5
People working at a dig. 

ASA001-1607 ASA001-1607 "Oak Creek"
ASA001-1608 ASA001-1608
ASA001-1609 ASA001-1609


POWER SHAKER, UNDATED
1 negative:  ASA001-1610
Box 5
Group of people using the power shaker that Howe and Clyde Price designed and constructed.  They used a Sears refrigerator spring to obtain a gentle bounce, a one-cylinder motor, and nesting variable-size mesh screens (Howe, 1977c).

ASA001-1610 ASA001-1610


Index of Locations

Aqua Dulce Ranch (Los Angeles County, Calif.)      ASA001-109 – 118
Aguanga (Riverside County, Calif.)    ASA001-98
Amazon Hill and Cave (Inyo County, Calif.)    ASA001-145 – 162
Amboy Crater (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-97
Angeles Crest Highway (Calif.)    ASA001-1342 – 1343
Antelope Valley Indian Museum (Los Angeles County, Calif.)    ASA001-139 – 144
Avawatz Mountains (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-119 – 126
Baja California (Mexico)    ASA001-1127 – 1198, 1286 – 1301
Bandelier (New Mexico)    ASA001-1464 – 1472
Barranca del Cobre (Chihuahua, Mexico)    ASA001-1199 – 1285, 1302 – 1321
Barstow Archery (Calif.)    ASA001-1602
Basihuare (Mexico)    ASA001-1257 – 1281
Bishop (Calif.)    ASA001-1087 – 1093, 1324 – 1333
Black Canyon (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-364 – 701
Black Star Canyon (Orange County, Calif.)    ASA001-306 – 311
Burro Flats (Ventura County, Calif.)    ASA001-209 – 278
California Ranch (Calif.)    ASA001-1323
Casa Diablo (Calif.)    ASA001-1344 – 1346
Casas Grandes (Mexico)    ASA001-1254 – 1256
Casmalia Beach (Santa Barbara County, Calif.)    ASA001-67 – 68
Chicuacua (Mexico)    ASA001-1246 – 1248
Chilao Flats (Los Angeles County, Calif.)    ASA001-165 – 189
China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station (Calif.)    ASA001-872 – 963
Citecha (Mexico)    ASA001-1203 – 1229, 1302 – 1321
Colonia Guerro, Baja California (Mexico)    ASA001-1282 – 1285
Coso Hot Springs (Inyo County, Calif.)    ASA001-1347 – 1367
Coyote Gulch (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-714 – 731
Crowley Site No. 1 (Calif.)    ASA001-1534 – 1540
Cuddleback Lake (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-39
Cusarare (Mexico)    ASA001-1230 – 1239
Davis Dam (Arizona-Nevada)    ASA001-1368 – 1420
Deep Creek (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-279 – 305
Devil’s Post Pile (Calif.)    ASA001-971 – 977
Downey Site (Los Angeles County, Calif.)    ASA001-312 – 317
Early Man Research Center, Bloomington (Calif.)    ASA001-1541 – 1550
El Arco, Baja California (Mexico)    ASA001-1129 – 1139
El Barril, Baja California (Mexico)    ASA001-1127 – 1128
Fort Tejon (Kern County, Calif.)    ASA001-1604
Fossil Falls (Inyo County, Calif.)    ASA001-1551 – 1560
Gem Hill (Kern County, Calif.)    ASA001-1126
Grapevine Canyon (Nevada)    ASA001-1481 – 1510
Grover City (San Luis Obispo County, Calif.)    ASA001-69 – 72
Guadalupe Canyon (Baja California, Mexico)    ASA001-90 – 96
Harbor Freeway (Los Angeles County, Calif.)    ASA001-75 – 84
Hole-in-the-wall (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-1565 – 1574
Horse Canyon Cave (Kern County, Calif.)    ASA001-99 – 108
Humming Bird Ranch (Ventura County, Calif.)    ASA001-63, 1094 – 1125
Inscription Canyon (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-364 – 701
Independence (Calif.)    ASA001-1334 – 1338
Irvine Ranch (Orange County, Calif.)    ASA001-704 – 711
Joshua Tree Monument (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-1339 – 1341
Keeler (Inyo County, Calif.)    ASA001-1421 – 1423
Kingston Wash (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-62
La Paz, Baja California (Mexico)    ASA001-1190
Laguna Chapala, Baja California (Mexico)    ASA001-163
Last Chance Canyon (Kern County, Calif.)    ASA001-1511 – 1533
Leach Lake (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-964 – 970
Little Lake (Inyo County, Calif.)    ASA001-1424 – 1429
Lone Pine (Inyo County, Calif.)    ASA001-1430 – 1444
Malaga Cove (Los Angeles County, Calif.)    ASA001-40 – 41
Malibu Mountains Pictograph Cave (Calif.)    ASA001-4 – 10
Maricopa (Kern County, Calif.)    ASA001-1605 – 1606
Mesquite Springs (Calif.)    ASA001-190 – 208
Mule Canyon (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-61
Mutau Meadows or Flats (Ventura County, Calif.)    ASA001-42 – 47
Navajo country (Arizona)    ASA001-127 – 138
Oak Creek (unknown location)    ASA001-1607 – 1609
Owen’s Valley (Calif.)    ASA001-1087 – 1093, 1324 – 1333
Painted Cave (Santa Barbara County, Calif.)    ASA001-11 – 30
Petroglyph Cave (Calif.)    ASA001-1445 – 1450
Phillips Ranch (Kern County, Calif.)    ASA001-1012 – 1086
Price (Western Star) Ranch (Inyo County, Calif.)    ASA001-1476 – 1480
Providence Mountains (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-978 – 1011
Puerto Cito, Baja California (Mexico)    ASA001-1153 – 1163
Rancho California (Riverside County, Calif.)    ASA001-1575 – 1589
Rock Springs (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-732 – 744
Rodman Mountains (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-745 – 871
Sage Canyon (Kern County, Calif.)    ASA001-1451 – 1455
Salton Sea (Calif.)    ASA001-357 – 363
Samachicque (Mexico)    ASA001-1199 – 1248
San Borjas, Baja California (Mexico)    ASA001-1189
San Felipe, Baja California (Mexico)    ASA001-1173 – 1187
San Timoteo Canyon (San Bernardino County, Calif.)    ASA001-85 – 89
Sand Hills (Yuma sand dunes) (Calif.)    ASA001-1 – 3, ASA001-702 – 703
Shadow Mountain (Calif.)    ASA001-1456 – 1461
Signal Mountain (Baja California, Mexico)    ASA001-52
Southwest Museum, Los Angeles (Calif.)    ASA001-53 – 60
Swansea (Inyo County, Calif.)    ASA001-1462 – 1463
Taos (New Mexico)    ASA001-1464 – 1472
Temecula (Riverside County, Calif.)    ASA001-318 – 339
Texas Street, San Diego (Calif.)    ASA001-48 – 51
Thousand Palms (Riverside County, Calif.)    ASA001-31 – 37
Torrance (Los Angeles County, Calif.)    ASA001-38
Tropico Mojave Mine (Kern County, Calif.)    ASA001-1473 – 1475
Ventura Boulevard (Los Angeles County, Calif.)    ASA001-73 – 74
Wupatki (Arizona)    ASA001-127 – 138
Western Star (Price) Ranch (Inyo County, Calif.)    ASA001-1476 – 1480
Willow Springs (Kern County, Calif.)    ASA001-340 – 356
Yucca Valley (Calif.)    ASA001-1590 – 1595
Yuma sand dunes (Calif.)    ASA001-1 – 3, ASA001-702 – 703
Zion National Park (Utah)    ASA001-713


Reference List of ASA and Howe Negative Numbers

ASA001-1 – 30        Howe negative nos. 1 – 31
ASA001-31 – 61        Howe negative nos.  47 – 99
ASA001-62 – 138        Howe negative nos. 201 – 294
ASA001-139 – 162        Howe negative nos. 301 – 318 and unnumbered
ASA001-163 – 164        Howe negative nos. 351 – 352
ASA001-165 – 208        Howe negative nos. 501 – 547
ASA001-209 – 363        Howe negative nos. 851-999
ASA001-364 – 701        Howe negative nos. 1000-1289 and unnumbered
ASA001-702 – 731        Howe negative nos. 1689-1718
ASA001-732 – 744        Howe negative nos. 1751-1763
ASA001-745 – 871        Howe negative nos. 3500-3622 and unnumbered
ASA001-872 – 963        Howe negative nos. 4000 – 4075 and unnumbered
ASA001-964 – 970        Howe negative nos. 4400-4404
ASA001-971 – 977        Howe negative nos. 6001-6007
ASA001-978 – 1011        Howe negative nos. 6101-6130
ASA001-1012 – 1086        Howe negative nos. 6401-6470
ASA001-1087 – 1093        Howe negative nos. 6501-6506
ASA001-1094 – 1125        Howe negative nos. 6601-6619
ASA001-1126            Howe negative no. 6675
ASA001-1127 – 1198        Howe negative nos. 9000-9043 and unnumbered
ASA001-1199 – 1321        Howe unnumbered negatives
ASA001-1322            Howe negative no. 10400; last number used by Howe
ASA001-1323 – 1610        Howe unnumbered negatives

Reference List of Missing Negatives (Howe’s numbers)

Negatives missing from enclosures:  26, 268, 510, 520, 521, 524, 877, 940-947, 951-954, 977, 1085, 1133, 1134, 1157, 1158, 1185, 1218, 1240, 1262, 1264, 3569, 9035 – 9037

Negatives and enclosures missing:  101-138, 156, 163 Salton Sea (Howe, n.d.); 202 Little Lake (Howe, n.d.); 10000 “Casadora & w” (Howe, n.d.)


 
California State University San Bernardino
Pfau Library Special Collections
5500 University Parkway
San Bernardino, California 92407


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 Annotated Bibliography

Apostolides, A. (1968a, Fall).  Field report no. 2:  Last Chance Canyon excavation, April 14-15, 1962.  ASA Newsletter, 15 (3), 8-13.  Field report nos. 1, 3 and 4 in same issue.

Apostolides, A. (1968b, Fall).  Field report no. 3:  Last Chance Canyon excavation, May 5-6, 1962.  ASA Newsletter, 15 (3), 14-15.  Field report nos. 1, 2 and 4 in same issue.

Apostolides, A. (1984a).  Amazon Hill field trip.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 88-89).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 8 (2), June 1961).  ASA trip on May 27, 1961, to recover basketry.

Apostolides, A.  (1984b).  Swansea glyph site photo salvage excavation.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 90).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 8 (2), June 1961).  ASA trip in August 1961 to record petroglyphs in danger of destruction by blasting.

Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California. (1977).  Thirty year history scrap book:  1947-1977 of the Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  Unpublished; held in ASA unprocessed archive files.  Contains photographs, documents, ephemera.

Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California. (1984).  This is Black Canyon.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 8).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 1 (2), November 1953).  Text of sign posted by ASA in Black Canyon, November 1953.

Barranca del Cobre trip.  (n.d.).  In L. Steele (Ed.), Notes on southwest Indians:  A diversified collection of papers from ASA Newsletters (ASA Paper No. 14) (p. 114-115).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern
 
California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 7 (4), November 1960).  A few
details about ASA’s trip and the Tarahumara Indians.

Blast from the past no. 1.  (1988, Summer).  ASA Bulletin, 13 (2), 7.  Photograph of ASA’s first field trip (ASA001-3).

Blast from the past no. 2.  (1988, Fall).  ASA Bulletin, 13 (3), 7.  Photograph of Painted Cave pictographs (ASA001-21).

Blast from the past no. 3.  (1988, Winter).  ASA Bulletin, 13 (4), 7.  Photograph of Grover Reeder and petroglyphs in Black Canyon (ASA001-394).

Blast from the past no. 4.  (1989, Spring).  ASA Bulletin, 14 (1), 7.  Photograph of petroglyph of group of sheep in Black Canyon (ASA001-468).

Blast from the past no. 7.  (1989, Winter).  ASA Bulletin, 14 (4), 7.  Photograph of Hinkley site (ASA001-478).

Blast from the past no. 8.  (1990, Spring).  ASA Bulletin, 15 (1), 5.  Photograph of the Crains at Mule Canyon (ASA001-61).

Blast from the past no. 9.  (1990, Summer).  ASA Bulletin, 15 (2), 5.  Photograph of Charles LaMonk, Charles Jr., and Dorothy Cowper at Burro Flats (ASA001-258).

Blast from the past.  (1990, Fall).  ASA Bulletin, 15 (3), 5.  Photograph of group at Humming Bird Ranch, June 1954 (ASA001-1113).

Blast from the past.  (1991, Spring).  ASA Bulletin, 16 (1), 10.  Photograph of group at Temecula in 1952 (ASA001-324).

Carter, G. F. (1980).  Earlier than you think:  A personal view of man in America.  College Station, TX:  Texas A&M University Press.  Includes discussions of Texas Street site (ASA001-48 – 51) and the Calico Early Man site.

Charles LaMonk:  ASA artist. (1983).  In L. Steele (Ed.), Notes from the southwest:  A diversified collection of papers from ASA Newsletters (ASA Paper No. 13) (p. 113-114).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 23 (2), Fall/Winter 1976).  Describes LaMonk’s development as an artist.

Clouse, C. E. (1965, Summer).  Preliminary report on the Western Star Ranch site.  ASA Newsletter, 12 (1/2), 5 unnumbered pages.  The site was known also as Price Ranch.

Clouse, C. (n.d.).  Owens Valley Paiutes.  In L. Steele (Ed.), Notes on southwest Indians:  A diversified collection of papers from ASA Newsletters (ASA Paper No. 14) (p. 66-67).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 9 (1), March 1962).  ASA’s January 13-14, 1962, project to record Pauite legends, dances, and songs.

Cowper, D. (1984).  Clues of worth:  A report on the Lake LeConte sites (53S):  LaQuinta, Garnet Wash and Travertine Palms.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 169-173).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 22 (2), Fall 1975).  Includes details of a witch stick found by Howe in Garnet Wash.

Crosby, H.  (1974).  The King’s Highway in Baja California:  An adventure into the history and lore of a forgotten region.  La Jolla, CA:  Copley Books.  Fascinating account of author’s travels in remote regions of Baja.

Crosby, H.  (1981).  Last of the Californios.  La Jolla, CA:  Copley Books.  Travels to ranches in remote regions of Baja.

Grant, C.  (1968).  Rock drawings of the Coso Range, Inyo County, California.  China Lake, CA:  Maturango Press.  Comprehensive discussion with many photographs.

Haenszel, A. M. (1984).  Keyhole Canyon.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 111-129).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 17 (2), Fall/Winter 1970).  Petroglyphs in the canyon.

Haenszel, A. M. (n.d.).  A familiar petroglyph at Pauite Pass.  In L. Steele (Ed.), Notes on southwest Indians:  A diversified collection of papers from ASA Newsletters (ASA Paper No. 14) (p. 82).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 19 (1), Spring 1972).  Bird petroglyph, similar to the one adopted as ASA logo, occurs over 100 miles from Black Canyon.

Hedges, K.  (1985).  Rock art portrayals of shamanic transformation and magical flight.  In K. Hedges (Ed.), Rock art papers, volume 2 (pp. 83-94).  San Diego, CA:  San Diego Museum of Man.  Analysis of possible meanings of rock art.

Hedges, K.  (1992).  Shamanistic aspects of California rock art.  In L. J. Bean (Ed.), California Indian shamanism (pp. 67-88).  Menlo Park, CA:  Ballena Press.  Includes history of the theory of shamanistic interpretation.

Heizer, R. F., & Clewlow, Jr., C. W. (1973).  Prehistoric rock art of California.  Ramona, CA:  Ballona Press.  Catalog of rock art.

Howe, C. (1960, February).  Close-up photography in archaeology.  ASA Newsletter, 7 (1), 7.  Tips on photographing artifacts.

Howe, C. (1966, Winter).  June field trip to Black Canyon.  ASA Newsletter, 13 (3), 3.  Report on ASA trip to repair damage by vandals.

Howe, C. (1974, Fall/Winter).  Here’s Howe:  The spirit of the desert.  ASA Newsletter, 21 (3), 51.  Naming of Howe’s beloved jeep.

Howe, C. (1975, Fall/Winter).  Here’s Howe:  Rancho Chuparosa.  ASA Newsletter, 22 (2), 51-52.  ASA survey of Humming Bird Ranch site.  Also reported in Howe, 1984.

Howe, C. (1976a, Spring/Summer).  Here’s Howe:  Cabin fever.  ASA Newsletter, 23 (1), 31.  Light-hearted reminiscence of jeep trip to Baja California.

Howe, C. (1976b, Fall/Winter).  Grasshoppers, anybody?  ASA Newsletter, 23 (2), 42-44.  Tale of Malaga Cove chief and his three wives as told around 1946 by Tom Towers, a friend of the chief.

Howe, C. (1976c, Fall/Winter).  True, so help me.  ASA Newsletter, 23 (2), 41. Humorous tale of a Baja trip in 1960.

Howe, C. (1976d, Fall/Winter).  Vignettes.  ASA Newsletter, 23 (2), 45.  Brief light-hearted tales of Calico and the ghost town of Balarat [Ballarat].

Howe, C. (1977a, Spring/Summer).  Here’s Howe: Sometimes you find things in the damnedest places.  ASA Journal, 1 (1), 27-28.  Howe found fossils at Harbor Freeway construction site.

Howe, C. (1977b, Fall/Winter).  Calico:  The crew.  ASA Journal, 1 (2), 31.  Howe reminisces about the Calico Early Man dig, near Barstow.

Howe, C. (1977c, Fall/Winter).  Power shaker screen.  ASA Journal, 1 (2), 35.  Howe and Clyde Price’s invention of power shaker.

Howe, C. (1980).  A prehistory of Black Canyon:  A preliminary view (ASA Paper No. 11).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  Includes chapters by Haenszel and Simpson.

Howe, C. (1983).  Ten commandments for field behaviour.  In L. Steele (Ed.), Notes from the southwest:  A diversified collection of papers from ASA Newsletters (ASA Paper No. 13) (p. 51).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 1 (2), November 1953).  Howe encourages ASA members to become valuable dig crew members.

Howe, C. (1984).  Preliminary report on a cave in Simi Valley.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 16-17).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 2 (1), July 1954).  ASA survey of Humming Bird Ranch site.  Also described in Howe, 1975, Fall/Winter.

Howe, C.  (n.d.).  Handwritten draft index to negative file of Charley Howe.  Unpublished; held in ASA unprocessed archive files.  Typed draft transcription (with some inaccuracies) is also in file.  Index covers most negatives of images taken between 1947 and mid-1960; estimated date of index is late 1960.

Hulse, J. (1954, May 24).  Canyon near Barstow has pictures of ancient life.  Los Angeles Times, 1, 10.  Report on ASA’s activities in Black Canyon; profile of Howe who was field chairman at the time.

Ishii, C. (1967, Fall). The Bishop loop trip. ASA Newsletter, 14 (3), 3-5.  Trip organized by Howe.

Ishii, C. (1968, Fall). ASA annual general meeting, January 20, 1968.  ASA Newsletter, 15 (1), 5-8.  Field Chairman Howe reports that the Calico Early Man dig took priority with ASA in 1967.

Jackson, C.  (1954, May 10).  Diggers race to unearth Indian relics in Burro Flats.  Valley Times.  Report discusses plans for atomic energy station in the area.

Johnson, B. E. (1971, July 18). Tradition in yarn.  Los Angeles Times Home Magazine.  Profile of Chizomana Ishii, Hopi artist who served as ASA President in 1972 and 1973.

LaMonk, C. (1984).  Pictograph Cave, Burro Flats.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 11).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 1 (2), November 1953). Details of Howe and LaMonk’s experiment with brush work to reproduce rock art.

Layton, E. (1965, Fall). Field chairman report. ASA Newsletter, 12 (3), 3.  Trip to China Lake in 1965.

Leadabrand, R.  (1964, April).  Into the past in San Bernardino County.  Westways, 9-11.  Profile of ASA activities and sites in San Bernardino.

Letters.  (1990, Winter). ASA Bulletin, 15 (4), 2.  Redtfeldt identifies some people in the group photograph (ASA001-1113) taken at Humming Bird Ranch site.

Library of Congress. (1995a).  Thesaurus for graphic materials I:  Subject terms (TGMI).  Retrieved July 3, 1999 from the World Wide Web:  http://lcweb.loc.gov/lexico/tgm1/brsearch.html

Library of Congress. (1995b).  Thesaurus for graphic materials II:  Genre and physical characteristics terms (TGMII).  Retrieved July 3, 1999 from the World Wide Web: http://lcweb.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm2/toc.html

Library of Congress. (1996).  TGMII:  New terms and updated terms.  Retrieved July 3, 1999 from the World Wide Web:  http://lcweb.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm2/newterms.html

Library of Congress. (1997).  Library of Congress Subject Headings.  Washington, DC:  Library of Congress.

Library of Congress. (1998).  New postable terms and subdivisions added to TGMI.  Retrieved July 3, 1999 from the World Wide Web:  http://lcweb.loc.gov/rr/print/tgm1/newterms.html

McCown, B. E. (1955).  Temeku:  A page from the history of the Luiseno Indians (ASA Paper No. 3).  [Los Angeles, CA]: Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  Excavation at Temecula led by McCown.

McCown, L. (1989, Fall). Goodbye to ASA pioneer Charley Howe.  ASA Bulletin, 14 (3), 3.  Obituary.

Miller, J. (1968, Summer).  China Lake expedition.  ASA Newsletter, 15 (2), 16.  Trip organized by Howe.

Miller, R. (1968, Fall).  Survey trip to the Providence Mountains, March 11, 12, 1961.  ASA Newsletter, 15 (3), 21-22.  Trip led by Howe.

Miller, R. J. (1989, Winter). Charley Howe Memorial Fund for photo preservation.  ASA Bulletin, 14 (4), 6.  Request for donations; ASA raised some funds by collecting and selling aluminum cans.

Muehlenbach, M. (n.d.).  Below Chihuahua since 1964:  The Tarahumaras.  In L. Steele (Ed.), Notes on southwest Indians:  A diversified collection of papers from ASA Newsletters (ASA Paper No. 14) (p. 103-109).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 20 (3), Fall 1973).  Semana Santa four-day festival, tesquenada, and observations about Tarahumara.

Muehlenbach, M. (n.d.).  More on the Tarahumara Indians of Chihuahua, Mexico:  Escuela y profesores.  In L. Steele (Ed.), Notes on southwest Indians:  A diversified collection of papers from ASA Newsletters (ASA Paper No. 14) (p. 110-113).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 21 (1), Spring 1974).  Observations on school and teachers in Basihuare.

Notes from annual meeting January 16, 1976. (1976, Spring/Summer). ASA Newsletter, 23 (1), 8.  ASA designated day to honor Howe.

Owens Valley typology workshop.  (1984).  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 84).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 7 (3), May 1960).  Collectors from the area brought over 7,550 points to the Eastern California Museum Association’s workshop.

Peck, S. L. (1953).  Some pottery from the Sand Hills, Imperial County, California (ASA Paper No. 1).  [Los Angeles, CA]:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  ASA’s first field trip, 1951.

Pederson, C. (1983).  The ASA emblem.  In L. Steele (Ed.), Notes from the southwest:  A diversified collection of papers from ASA Newsletters (ASA Paper No. 13) (p. 116).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 1 (1), July 1953).  Black Canyon bird petroglyph adopted as ASA logo.

Pederson, C. (1984).  Inscription Canyon:  A report on the petroglyphs of Black Canyon.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 41-49).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 3 (2), May 1956).  Analysis of petroglyphs.

Photographic archives established. (1975, Fall/Winter). ASA Newsletter, 22 (2), 7.  Announcement of Howe’s donation of negative collection and ASA’s vision for photograph archive.

Price, C. (1984a).  The Phillips site.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 22-24).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California. (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 2 (2), November 1954).  Description of site and artifacts.

Price, C. (1984b).  Tehachapi camps and cairns.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 18).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 2 (1), July 1954).  Willow Springs site, November 28-29, 1953.

Rancho California excavation begins.  (1971, November).  San Bernardino County Museum Assocation Newsletter, 6 (11), 3.  Very brief report on excavation.

Redtfeldt, G. (1965, Summer). Annual field chairman report.  ASA Newsletter, 12 (1/2), 1-2.  Dates of Black Star Canyon and Western Star Ranch field trips.

Redtfeldt, G. (1984a).  Field trip to China Lake.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 103).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 12 (3), Fall 1965).  May 9, 1965 trip to Little Petroglyph Canyon.

Redtfeldt, G. (1984b).  Painted Rock site, Little Lake, California.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 94-95).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 9 (2), Summer 1962).  March 26-27, 1961 excavation of rock shelters at Little Lake.

Redtfeldt, G. (1991, Spring). Charles LaMonk.  ASA Bulletin, 16 (1), 10.  Obituary.

Rice, D. (1984).  Chilao.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 21).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 2 (1), July 1954).  Note on ceremonial material found in 1954.

Rozaire, C. (1968).  Archaeological investigations at Amazon Hill, Inyo County, March 1958 (sic).  ASA Newsletter, 15 (3), 17.  Survey in 1957.

Rozaire, C. (1984).  Preliminary report on excavations at Chilao Flats.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 68-70).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 5 (2), May 1958).  Description of some artifacts.

Sanger, K. K., & Meighan, C. W. (1990).  Discovering prehistoric rock art:  A recording manual.  Calabasas, CA:  Wormwood Press.  Informative introduction to rock art.

Simpson, R. D.  (1961).  Coyote Gulch:  An archaeological investigation of an early lithic locality in the Mohave Desert of San Bernardino County (ASA Paper No. 5). [Los Angeles, CA]: Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  Site report.

Simpson, R. D. (1983).  Editorial.  In L. Steele (Ed.), Notes from the southwest:  A diversified collection of papers from ASA Newsletters (ASA Paper No. 13) (p. 79).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 2 (2), November 1954).  Perspective on ASA’s potential to contribute to the search for Early Man in America.

Simpson, R. D. (1984).  The Mule Canyon survey.  In N. L. Zelenka (Ed.), Notes on ASA digs and surveys:  The best of the Newsletters 1953 to 1976 (ASA Paper No. 15) (p. 64-65).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California. (Reprinted from ASA Newsletter, 4 (1/2), Feb/May 1957). ASA reconnaissance trip in March 1957.

Smith, G. A., & Turner, W. G.  (1975).  Indian rock art of southern California with selected petroglyph catalog.  Redlands, CA: San Bernardino County Museum.  Catalog of rock art designs organized by site.

Sonin, W.  (1995).  California rock art:  An annotated site inventory and bibliography. Los Angeles, CA:  Rock Art Archive of the Institute of Archaeology, University of California.  Detailed catalog of hundreds of rock art sites.

Srivastava, R. A.  (1999, Summer).  The Charley Howe photographs:  The ASA’s photograph collection no. ASA001.  ASA Bulletin, 23 (3), 4-5.  Progress report to ASA membership on processing of ASA’s first archival collection.

Steele, L. (1982). The thirty year search for ancient man (ASA Occasional Paper No. 12).  Redlands, CA:  Archaeological Survey Association of Southern California.  Comprehensive history of ASA from 1947 to early 1980s.

Thesaurus of geographic names, Version 1.0.  (1997).  Los Angeles:  The J. Paul Getty Trust.  Retrieved June 27, 1999 from the World Wide Web:  http://shiva.pub.getty.edu/tgn_browser/

United States Geological Survey.  (1999).  Geographic names information system. Retrieved June 27, 1999 from the World Wide Web:  http://mapping.usgs.gov/www/gnis/gnisform.html

Van Tilburg, J. A. (Ed.).  (1983).  Ancient images on stone:  Rock art of the Californias.  Los Angeles, CA:  University of California.  Includes photographs, some interpretations, and few site details.  A rock art figure similar to that in ASA001-209 – 211 is on p. 44-45.

Whitley, D. S. (1996).  A guide to rock art sites:  Southern California and southern Nevada.  Missoula, MT:  Mountain Press.  Includes analyses of possible rock art meanings.

Whitley, D. S. (1998).  Meaning and metaphor in the Coso Range petroglyphs; Understanding Great Basin rock art.  In E. Younkin (Ed.), Coso rock art:  A new perspective (pp. 109-174).  Ridgecrest, CA:  Maturango Press.  Reviews theories about rock art meaning.

Zajicek, P. (1988, Fall).  ASA people.  ASA Bulletin, 13 (3), 2.  Cowper identifies people on ASA’s first field trip (ASA001-3).